What kind of thermometer is good? How much is the fever? The answer is here

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“Test temperature” has become an indispensable part of everyone’s life

Community, unit, subway station …

“Squeeze” everywhere

Some people to monitor their health status

I also measure the body temperature at home

There are currently many temperature measuring instruments on the market

For example ↓↓

Mercury thermometer

Digital Thermometer

Ear temperature

体温计用哪种好?到底多少度算发烧?答案全在这儿

Ejaculatory

At this time, the question came:

体温计用哪种好?到底多少度算发烧?答案全在这儿

What is the difference between measuring with different thermometers?

体温计用哪种好?到底多少度算发烧?答案全在这儿

Why do you sometimes measure your temperature?

What is the normal range of body temperature?

How should we choose and use correctly?

01 principle

Simple use of material

Hot swelling

Principles, through special treatment of the front end of the thermometer, prevent the cold whereabouts when the mercury column is in cold, affecting the reading. Therefore, the decline in the amount of mercury body temperature meter can only rely on dumping.

02 operation method

1. Demed the amount of mercury body temperature below 35 ° C.

2. Determine the measured site (mouth, armpit, anus), and eliminate influencing factors, such as strenuous exercise, drinking boiling water, drinking, drinking, bathing, etc.

Disinfection with 75%alcohol before use

Essence

3. Measurement site:

Oral:

Put the thermometer in

Under the tongue

, Press with a little force and measure for 5 minutes.

armpit:

The armpit is relatively easy to sweat, and wipe the sweat under the armpit. Put the mercury at the thermometer at the top of the armpit and clamp it to ensure that the thermometer and the skin are tightly contacted. After almost 5 minutes, take it out.

anus:

The method of anal test is generally used for patients or children who are unconscious. After lubricating the head of the anal table, slowly insert it into the anus, and as far as 1/2 of the anal watch is placed for 5 minutes.

4. reading:

体温计用哪种好?到底多少度算发烧?答案全在这儿

When reading, the sight should be flat with the upper surface of the liquid column in the mercury body. Grasp the head without mercury with your hands, hold horizontally, and then slowly rotate the thermometer of the mercury, while rotating while observing the mercury thermometer, you can see the location of the mercury. Generally, the edge in the middle of the scale and numbers, the scale looks at a white mercury line towards the triangle, and the corresponding digital position is the corresponding body temperature.

03 Applicable scene

Suitable for family, hospitals and other places.

04 Normal value

The body temperature of the human body is generally constant when a healthy state, that is, keep it around 37 ° C (

Roughly 36.2 ℃ ~ 37.3 ℃

), Will not change due to changes in the environmental temperature of the outside world. For most normal adults, the standards are as follows:

The temperature range of the oral cavity is between 36.3 ℃ ~ 37.2 ℃;

The temperature range of the armpit is 36.0 ℃ ~ 37.0 ℃;

The temperature range of the rectum is 36.5 ℃ ~ 37.7 ℃.

01 type

1.

Hard stick

: Families are generally applicable, a thermometer using armpit measurement and oral measurement.

2.

Soft stick

: The front end of the soft head electronic thermometer can be arbitrarily bent, multi -directional, no dead ends, suitable for measurement at all parts. Generally, three types of amounts of oral, underarms, and anus can be used. 3.

Pacifier

: Baby pacifier electronic thermometer is carefully designed and manufactured for the physiological characteristics of infants and young children. The component design is all smooth arcs, the curvature is based on the baby’s mouth type, and the silicone pacifier contains the temperature sensor.

02 principle

The electronic thermometer uses the physical parameters of certain substances, such as resistance, voltage, current, etc., and the determined relationship with the environmental temperature is displayed in the form of numbers.

The deficiencies are that the accuracy of the value is affected by factors such as electronic components and battery power supply. It is not as good as mercury thermometer.

03 operation method

1. Before use, you should use alcohol to disinfect the thermometer sensor head.

2. Press the power button, the bee tweee will make a bee sound, displaying the prompt symbol.

3. Subsequently, the display displayed the temperature of the last measurement and lasted for 2 seconds, and then the ° C symbol of the display flickered, indicating that it was in a state of testing.

4. Put the thermometer head in the measurement site (oral, underarms, anus), the display temperature of the display gradually increases, and the ° C symbols flickered at the same time, indicating that the measurement is in progress. If the temperature remains unchanged for 16 consecutive seconds, the ° C symbol stops flashing, indicating that the temperature measurement of the body temperature is completed and the results of the measurement measurement can be read.

5. After the measurement is over, if the power button is not turned off without pressing the power button, it will be turned off automatically after 8 minutes.

04 Applicable scene

05 Normal value

体温计用哪种好?到底多少度算发烧?答案全在这儿

Using the infrared spectrum emitted by the detection of the tympanic membrane (equivalent to the visual hill) to determine the body temperature. According to the theory of black body radiation, the infrared spectrum generated by different temperature objects is also different. The detector is revealed by the conversion reading of micro -meter.

1. Remove the ear temperature protective cover and install a clean earmuff.

2. Press the I/O key switch, the ear thermometer is started and self -examination.

3. Gently lift the ears of the outer ears, and stretch the probe softly into the ear canal to ensure that the direction of the probe is in the correct measurement position.

4. Press the Start key, the green light above the Start key begins to flash, displaying the correct probe in place, waiting to hear a long string of signal sound and green signal lights fixing, indicating the correct measurement, the results are displayed on the display screen.

5. Remove the ear temperature meter and read the results correctly.

6. Wipe the earmuffs with a wet paper towel and cover the protective cover.

03 Note

1. Before measuring, you must check whether the performance of the ear temperature is intact to ensure that the power supply is sufficient.

体温计用哪种好?到底多少度算发烧?答案全在这儿

2. Using a new earmuffs during use helps the correct temperature measurement. The earmuffs can be disinfected with alcohol.

3. If the patient has ear diseases on one side, please measure it in the ear, and there should be no blocking objects in the ear.

4.

Be sure to straighten the ear canal when measuring

, Children under one year of age pull their ears back, children over one year old (including adults), pull the back of the ear backwards.

体温计用哪种好?到底多少度算发烧?答案全在这儿

5. The readings of the left and right ears may be different. It is best to measure on the same ears during measurement.

6. When lying on the side, press the ears on the side, cover the ears, the ears are exposed to the temperature of the cold or overheated temperature, or the situation of the swimming or shower will affect the measurement results. Cover these factors before measurement, and then measure it after 20 minutes.

7. Use a soft, dry cloth to clean the ear temperature instrument screen and appearance. Do not use wear cleaning liquid. Do not put the ear temperature instrument in water and other liquids, and place the ear temperature and earmuffs in a clean and dry place to avoid the sun. Directly.

Suitable for home, hospitals and other places.

Ear temperature is generally 35.7-37.5 ° C belongs to the normal range, but because the body temperature of the human body is different with the age and the environment in which it is located, there will be differences.

Any object will emit infrared rays out when higher than absolute zero (-273 ° C), and the warm gun is received through the sensor

infrared

, Get inductive temperature data.

1. The front temperature gun is turned on for self -examination, and the test can be started after the self -test is normal.

2. On the bridge of the nose, the relative meter temperature in the middle of the eyes is the radiation source that is closest to the normal body temperature, and the temperature gun is kept temperature at 5-6cm from this.

3. Waiting for three seconds, the forehead gun can output the value. If the location is wrong, or if the body temperature is not detected, the forehead gun will issue an error alarm prompt.

4. Because there is a certain error in the detection of the amount of temperature gun, it should be detected multiple times to take the reasonable median value.

Suitable for home users, hotels, libraries, large enterprises and institutions, can also be used in comprehensive places such as hospitals, schools, customs, airports, etc., and can also be used to use it to medical staff in the clinic. Can be used for fast, non -contact safety inspections.

体温计用哪种好?到底多少度算发烧?答案全在这儿

The amount of temperature is generally 35.8-37.8 ℃ belongs to the normal range.

In general. Mercury thermometers need to spend more time in operation. The reading is more difficult. It is not suitable for large -scale body temperature use, and because of mercury, the glass material is fragile, it is dangerous for children. Essence

But compared to other thermometer measurement accuracy

The electronic thermometer improves the shortcomings of mercury thermometers on a certain basis, which is more secure, but the accuracy and stability are not as good as the thermometer of the mercury.

Ear warm meter and forehead temperature

High sensitivity

It is easily affected by the external environment. The accuracy and stability are not as good as mercury and electronic thermometer, but the measurement is fast, convenient to use, and is suitable for public places to investigate the use of body temperature.

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Source: Shaw Run Hospital General Medicine Department

Author: Grade 2018 Period Pesheng Xu Wenting

Instructor: Wu Lihong School Trial: Fang Li Li

体温计用哪种好?到底多少度算发烧?答案全在这儿

Original works, please indicate the source and source for reprinting

Mercury thermometer

Digital Thermometer

Ear temperature

Ejaculatory

01 principle

01 principle

02 operation method

02 operation method

Essence

03 Applicable scene

Suitable for family, hospitals and other places.

体温计用哪种好?到底多少度算发烧?答案全在这儿

04 Normal value

The temperature range of the oral cavity is between 36.3 ℃ ~ 37.2 ℃;

The temperature range of the armpit is 36.0 ℃ ~ 37.0 ℃;

The temperature range of the rectum is 36.5 ℃ ~ 37.7 ℃.

04 Applicable scene

05 Normal value

Author: ArticleManager