Wang Pengyun’s statue
Wang Pengyun, the head of the “Four of the Qing Dynasty” (character, Xiaxia, No. halftang), and once traveled to Beijing for more than 20 years. In his more than 700 words he reserved, he also wrote the most in the old Beijing life and travelers. It can be said that the old Beijing footprint of Wang Pengyun is a window for us to understand the late Qing Dynasty and the culture of the Xuannan Shi.
Recently, the “Wang Peng Yun Words Collection” compiled by Shenjiazhuang and Zhu Cunhong was published by Shanghai Ancient Books Publishing House. The book search for Hongfu, especially the part of the words of the copy of the copy, mostly for the first time, which is very beneficial to readers. However, some notes of the places of the old Beijing’s place of name are occasionally mistaken. Here, the author picked up one or two, a little correction.
Wang Pengyun: “Wang Peng Yun Words Collection Collection”, Shenjiazhuang and Zhu Cunhong Schools, Shanghai Ancient Books Publishing House, published in November 2017, p. 768, 188.00 yuan.
The “Mochu Crane” “The March of the Crane Lao to the Monthly Month of the Monthly Month of the Monthly Blossom Scholas and the Gong of the Sound of the Sound of the Sound of the Sound of the Sound of the Narcissus is also the same as that of Narcissus’s new words …” Xu Zhai is tender and cold. “About” Huai Street “, the organizer notes:” That is, the sky street, because the green locusts on both sides of it are called. This refers to Beijing Street. “
In fact, the “Huaijie” here is not generally referred to, but the street. In the late Qing Dynasty, Zhu Yixin quoted the book records in the “Draft of Jingshifang Lane”: “Lower Xie Street. It is also known as Huashu Xie Street, commonly known as Land Temple Xie Street … Old ancient tree clip roads are the city every month. In the set, Huai also has only the depositors … Fengtai planting flowers, all of which are the craftsmen. On the third, thirteen, and 23rd on the third day of each month, the car is miscellaneous to the locust. “
Lower Xie Street, located outside today Xuanwu Gate, connected to Shangxie Street in the north, with land temples in the south. In the old days, because of the famous flower market in the land temple, literati lived in this street often used it as poetry. For example, after Zhu Yizun moved to Xiaxie Street, he made a poem: “Going to Fengchun’s heart to live, and live on the sloping street for the greedy flower market.” “Lien Street.” (“Xiaoxiuye” refers to the Xiaoxiu Morika Cottage, a poet in the early Qing Dynasty in Shanglixing Street.)
Among Wang Pengyun’s words, there were also many people who lived in Xiaxie Street. For example, Duanmu’s self -injected after “Qi Tianle Seeing Jujube”: “Huai Street’s old residence, Zihe Constituent House also … Ten years of Wen Duanshi stayed in this house …” “The General Constitution” is Qi Shidong, the son of Qi Yantao. Duanmu Cai is the student of Qi Yaozao. He has lived in the “remaining house” in Qi Xiang Street for ten years. Another friend Xu Yuli, another word in the middle of the halftang, also “Huaishi Huaishi Street, Write Fan Xie Mountain House to Shi Shi Yun”, the third cloud: “Miyuhuai Street is oblique, Xiao Zhai Zhanzhan Zhanzhanzhanzai Delica is boasted. Every time I remember Huainan Gui, I still watched the flowers in the market … “At that time, Xuannan people said that Xia Xie Street was” Huai Street “, which was common.
It is clear that we look at Wang Pengyun’s “Reception” again. It turned out that at the end of the year of the year, Xu Yuzheng (Crane Lao) daffodils were delayed. After Duanmi Cai (Division) and Peng Yan (Sa Gong) wrote words, Wang Pengyun also sang together. The Wang family wrote that “Huaijie Fangshi Tanghua passed by, and the cold and cold is still steep.” It was said that although the livelyness of the Xiejie Flower Market has just passed, it can still be cold in the empty fasting, which causes the narcissus to not bloom.
The “Tanghua” in the words is the flower of the greenhouse. It is the “gangsters” of Fengtai to take the seller in the lower street in the winter. Wang Pengyun, like the then doctor Xuannan at the time, always loved Tang Hua’s titles; and in the poems of the inscription, he often did not forget to mention this sloping street. For example, “The Red Tang Flower” of “Fitong Collection” cloud: “The cold mood, the cigarette street, and diligently embellish the light of the year.” Cingard Street Fang Fang. Remember the cold and fur, lean and leaning. “Obviously, these two” oblique streets “refer to the downhill street of Tanghua, and the organizers mistakenly injected them as the cigarette bag outside the gate of the gate. Light street, Zhang Guan and Li Dai also.
The old Beijing literati has the habit of enjoying the lotus, and Wang Pengyun is naturally no exception. Except for the Beichahai and Dianyuan Fan Lake in Beicheng, the half -ponds are as good as the reed Bay. This inspection concentrated on the drafts, that is, there are “Nanyu Weiban Guanhe Elixing Rhyme”, “Dream Furong Tongzi Shengli Bay View Lotus with Dream Window Rhyme”, “Red Love Credit Bay Guanhe and Yiyu Division Red Love “Green”, “Xiaozhongshan Ling Li Jian Jian and Reed Bay”, “Niannu Jiao Tong Gao Guchen Glossy Bay with Baishi Blossom Blush” and so on. The organizer note “Reed Bay” cloud: “The original site is outside the southwestern suburbs outside Xuanwu Gate.
Another one in the half -pond “Sleeve Ink Ci” is another “Xieyu Hua Hua Tong Long Huai Lu Wang Cenfu’s Two Agricultural Ministry of Agriculture …”. There are dozens of acres of Hechi outside the corner and Changyi Gate. It was the summer tour of the capital of Beijing. “
Note that “Nan Baozi” is outside Changyi Gate (now Guang’anmen), and Note “Weiban” is outside Xuanwu Gate. It can be seen that the organizers do not know that the reed Bay is Nan Baozi.
In “Weng Tonghe Diary”, there are many records about Nan Baozi. For example, in the three years of Guangxu (1877) June 26th: “Drink and take the public to show up the gate, three miles south to the so -called south bubble, the three sides of the earth, the lotus on all sides … There are many travelers today. “In the fourteenth year of Guangxu (1888), on July 15th, he was cloudy:” Take the early early early early early incense … south to south, sitting in the puff of melon boats into the lotus … the master Wang, the savage also also , No. Yuting, still simple. “
At the same time as Wang Pengyun, Zhen Jun said in “Tianjian Snacks”: “South River Po, vulgar lotus ponds, in Guangning Gate (now Guang’anmen -I press) Wai Shi Road South. There are Wang surnames, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here Planting trees, Qixuan Pavilion. There are large ponds, ten acres, red and white lotus, can be rafted, long summer tourists compete. Three rooms in the factory, one water back, eight windows open … ” The Nan Baozi is the Nanhe Po under Zhenjun.
The old photos of Nanhe Po in “Old Capital Cultural Relics”
Nanhebo during the Republic of China (selected from the “Beijing History Atlas”)
On the third day of March of Xinhai (1911), the poet Lin Sijin (character mountain) invited Chen Baochen, Chen Yan, Pan Zhibo, Lin Shu, Luo Yan, Zeng Xi Jing, and Zenghe Pavilion equal to Nanhe Pavilion. Every family has poetry and paid. For example, Chen Baochen’s “The Lord of the Sushan Society of Xinhai on the Nanghe Pochi”: “The reed Bay was reached in the past, it was sunny before the rain.” Bay, the old name has been shy today. “Luo Yan’s” Shangshangnan River Po Xiu Xiu Xian Xian Mountain Brother “:” There is no reed in the reed Bay, and the water threshold is clear. “These poems are enough to prove that the Nanhe Po is also known as Reed Bay.
It can be said that Wang Pengyun’s Guanhe Reed Bay is Nan Baozi, which is undoubted. The organizer notes that Nan Baozi “dozens of acres of lotus ponds” may be uncertain. Today, although Nan Baozi has no existence, according to the northern local dialect, it is called “Haizi” and the small lake is “Baozi”. Zhang Jixi, the former family of the old Beijing, also said that Nan Baozi was just “there is a water” (see “The Old Wenshi of the Yan City”, and “Spring Tour Talks”), which is quite consistent with Zhen Jun’s “Dachi Guang Shi Xu Xu”. It can be seen that the reed Bay of the past is not very wide, and the reason why it can be loved by Doctor Xuannan is because of the southern suburbs of the city, and there are Huamu Xuanting Pavilion, which is a matter of ethics.
Four Yinzhai is well -known for Wang Pengyun’s collation of “The Words engraved in the Four Yinzhai”, but also because Wang and Zhu Zumou and Liu Bochong sang the “Gengzi Autumn Ci” here, and have a very important position in the history of the word.
This inspection “Wang Peng Yun Words Collection of Campus”, the first “Four Printing fast” in the half -pond word is the “Big River Words” in “The Great River Words” Wei Qing set up Siyinzhai Jing Fu “. According to the composer, the word was written on December 19th (1880) December 19. And the organizer notes “Four Yinzhai”: “Bantang is named in the Beijing apartment.
Regarding Wang Pengyun’s headlines in the school field, there are indeed records in the characters of friends and friends. In the case, Zhou Yi’s “The Sequel of the Wind Words” cloud: “Bantang apartment Xuanwumen Foreign Lane Lane, animal and horse, one, and two, all white …” “Editorial Edit”). And Wu Zi was in 1888. Then Wang Pengyun was filled with “Dajiang East to Po Gong’s Birthday …” at the end of the year (early 1881). Did you live here?
In the seventh year of Guangxu, the seventh year of Guangxu (early 1882), Wang’s father was worried. The following year, he southward taboos. Ten years of Guangxu Jiashen (1884), he returned to Beijing. After entering Beijing, Bantang wrote “Qi Tianle Jia Shen in October, the Du Du Du Gonghe’s seniors, all have a sense of joy, and the old description of the show”. “Look at the drawing”, and the second half of the sentence note: “Refers to the old living court willow.” Based on this, Wang Pengyun had an old residence in Beijing. Moreover, there is a tree weeping willow in the courtyard of the old residence.
Here, check Xu Yuzheng’s “Don Strings”, and get a song “Douyu Juan”, and the title is cloudy: “You Xiaxia has a copy of Zhai Lao Liu in the same year, and he is chanting. Zhang Wangsun’s so -called “hometown of the garden is not, and you’re happy to go to the heart.” Because it is solution. ” Yu Xinyi (1881), the year when Wang’s father was worried. It can be seen that Wang Pengyun had moved his movement in the autumn of Xin Yan (1881), and when he moved, he used his old resident Liu Tu to sympathize with his friends. After Jiashen (1884) returned to Beijing, the old house will not be able to see it again, so Bantang said, “I only look at the long strips, and the green and yin only look at the drawing.”
In addition, in Xu Yuzheng’s “Douyu Juan Youxia in the same year, Zhai Lao Liu …”, there is a sentence, “There are victory friends, the neighbors are early, and they are still discussed together.” Ding Hai (1887) made a “Buy Pond”. It can be seen that Wang Pengyun’s old residence of Lao Liu had been adjacent to Duanmu Cai (the word Zi). After Duanmu’s movement, he also missed the old Liu in the Wang’s courtyard.
The author also noticed that in the second year after Wang Peng was Yun Yun’s return to Beijing, there was a “Qi Tianle Mourning Willow” with Duanmu Cai. After all, looking for the old trails of poems, like dreams … “According to the meaning, it is obviously that Wang Pengyun had taken things with Duanmu as a neighbor, and the two were shabby. After that, the old willow of the mother -in -law was “full of business”, and the old things that the two sang paid were also “dreamlike” and could not be found. (The organizer thinks that “Qi Tianle Mourning Liu” is written in the half -pond and the village. It is obviously inconsistent with the words.) So, after Wang Pengyun returned to Beijing, why did the old resident Liu “business”? What stories have happened in the middle?
In order to solve the above doubts, I went to the National Library to check the copy of the “Four Yinzhai Words”. After “Qi Tianle Mourning Liu”, the author found that Wang Pengyun had another self -injection:
The age of the dragon and snake is next to the abbot. Ting Liu Yiyi, tasted Qianyuku Mountain to draw chanting. From Yu Nan’s return, the homeowner confused the family words, and the Lan Lan was a household, and he was urged as a salary. Go to the capital of winter, give a word from the abbot, and give the south to the south willow color. Every time I am pregnant, I have been cut off this summer. What is the evil?
It turned out that after Wang Pengyun left Beijing, the homeowner of the old residence heard the words of Mr. Feng Shui and cut off the old willow in the court. The king of Wang was served back to Beijing, and Duanmu Cai was in the presence of the words and the matter. Here, there is an important information, that is, Wang Pengyun and Duanmu are adjacent to “Dragon Snake”. According to “Dragon Snake”, Gengchen and Xin Yan (1880-1881). At this point, we all know the time of the two and the reason for Lao Liu to be cut off.
In fact, after the “Shuyu Ci” engraved by Siyinzhai, there was a half -pond post. That is, Xin Yan (1881) On the 19th of the first month, it happened to be in the “Dragon Snake”. The “Half -Half Hutong”, which is the collective name of the northern half hutong and the southern half, in the south of today’s Cai City.
Southern Half Hali Hutong
It can be determined now that Wang Pengyun and Duanmu Cai from 1880 to 1881 was adjacent to the half of Xuannan’s Hutong. Later, the school farm moved by Bantang was not far from the north of Caihongkou. At that time, Beijing officials in other provinces loved to live in Xuannan, and it was common for moving. For example, Bantang friend Duanmu Cai, Xu Yuyu, and Kuang Zhou Yi have all been recorded several times.
For a whole month before the post of “Shuyu Ci”, that is, Gengchen (1880) on December 19, Wang Pengyun invited the four seals of Youya Jiya, of course, in the half -hutong, and the unpaid plant was not. Lao Liu, who was cut, thought of standing in the yard.