49 kinds of jewelry and jade common sense explanation, learning jade love jade starts from common sense

1. What are gems and jade? The gem is the most beautiful, most valuable and rare category in stones. It includes two categories: narrow gemstones and jade. The narrow gem refers to the monocrystalline minerals of the monocrystalline (such as the natural gold, diamond) or the compound (such as the crystal, such as the crystal, and the red blue treasure) produced. Jade is a poly crystal of the collection of a collection of solo minerals or polymerics.

What are the conditions for treasure jade? As a qualified treasure jade, at least the following three conditions should be available. 1. Beautiful: This is the primary condition. It is required to be bright and pure, transparent, flawless and shiny, or special optical effects such as color change, discoloration, lighting, or cat eye. 2. Durability: Requires the durability of maintaining gorgeous and flashing, that is, it must be hard, wear -resistant and good chemical stability. 3. Rare: refers to the rare output.

3. How is the type of gems divided? Gem (broadening) Artificial gemstone natural gem artificial synthetic gem imitation gemstone gem gemstone: single mineral crystals that meet process requirements, such as diamonds, rubies, etc. Jade: It is composed of single minerals or multi -minerals that meet the process requirements, such as emerald and nephrite. Organic gemstones: The cause is closely related to animals and plants, such as corals and amber.

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

Fourth, what is emerald? The emerald has the reputation of the king of jade. It is a liffing of jade in jade. Its chemical components are sodium aluminum silicate, and mineral components are categorian. The dense blocky collection has a blanket -like structure. It is very tough, can resist quite high impact and pressure, and its products are durable for a long time. The hardness of the emerald is Mo’s 6.5-7, the proportion is 3.3, the glass luster or pearl luster is often translucent, and a few are transparent (full transparent “glass parts”). There is a saying of yellow jade in the world of Baoyu Stone in my country, and green is green. The origin of emeralds is mainly concentrated in the Sima Gong area in northern Myanmar.

Fifth, how to choose emerald products? It should be seen that its “species”, “color”, “work”. Species: refers to texture, structure, transparency and water head. The texture must be solid, fine, clean, and the background color is coordinated, uniform, tough but not crispy, strong luster, and heavy treasure. The structure refers to the size, shape and arrangement of the mineral crystal grains of jade. The finer the particles, the better the better, the more dense the organization is, the better. The transparency and water head, the water head is talking, that is, the transparency of jade, the higher the transparency, the more the water head, the better. Color: refers to the color of emerald, jadeite is multi -color jade, and color is one of the most important factor that determines its value. Generally speaking, emerald green, emerald, anthocyan, bean, oily green, claw green, etc. The second, gray and white are the cheapest. Requirements for color: thick, dark and powerful; yang: colorful and bright, pretty: beautiful color and crystal, positive: bright and pure, without evil spirits, and: uniform color but not flowing. Workers: refers to the sculpture level of jade articles. It includes material selection, shape and carving techniques, and requires exquisite ideas and fine workmanship. A good carving can make the jade artificial work of cleverness and look at the state of sighing.

6. What are “old pit jade” and “new pit jade”? Generally, the emerald gravel produced by Myanmar is transported by mechanical weathering and river water to the river valley and riverbed, called “old pit jade” or “仔 ingredients”. The characteristics of this jade are “good water heads”, strong quality and high degree of transparency, and their top grades are transparent like glass, so they are called “glass parts” or “ice species”. “Green green”. In the newly mined jade jade material, there is no weathering epidermis, and its water head and luster are worse than the old pit jade. They are called “new pit jade”, also known as “mountain material”.

Seven, what is “ground”? “Earth” is the background of jade, or “bottom”. Generally speaking, the parts except emerald green are called land, and the advantages and disadvantages of the ground have a very important relationship with the value of the overall jade. The better grounds are: glass ground, loquat flour, in the middle range include bean -green land, blue and white land, purple flower land, and poor ones in porcelain land, dry white land, rough bean green land, shit land, etc.

8. What is water head? In the jade industry, the transparency is called “water head”, the well -transparent is called “water head and foot”, and the poor transparency is called “no water head” (or called dry bay). For a piece of jadeite jade, it should be good (emerald green ), The water head and foot are called “colorful”, and its value is high. Conversely, the color is good but the water head is called “non -colored non -species”. The value of the person is low.

Nine, what is “stone flower”? There is a phenomenon of small group blocks with slightly worse transparency in jadeite. Due to the different shapes and characteristics, it can be divided into the following types: the more dry rigid board is called “stone brain”; the more shattered “reed flower”; the cotton -like cotton is called “cotton”; white or green mixed together It’s called “chives mix tofu”. In general, the existence of stone flowers is not good for the transparency and perfection of jade articles, and it is easy to have adverse effects on green, which makes the value of jade jade significantly decrease.

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

Ten, what is A, B and C goods? How to identify? Cargo A: Refers to the authentic primary natural jadeite without any fake treatment. Among them, the high -end grades are green, the color is right and not evil, the water head is good, there is no impurities, no cracks, and will not change color in the long run. It has good value preservation and collection value. Cargo B: It refers to the poor quality jadeite soaked with concentrated acid and bleaching liquid to make it black and yellow, and fill it with epoxy resin (also known as “glue”. “) After the special methods are treated, the water head becomes better, the color becomes beautiful, and the true jade is changed to jade. In the case of the light green color of the original jade, it is made of green color without chromium, which is called “B+C goods”. There are adhesive B goods that retain the filler of sliced ​​or line -shaped distribution on its surface, but no glue B goods can be seen under microscope, which is particularly developed, and has a “canal network” structure and “crack” structure Prime ministers. Looking at B goods with meat eyes, the green color is not normal, and the green is often distributed in a fine mist, which looks uniform and without thickness. Although Cui is relatively bright, its green color seems to be realistic and slightly blue. The “B goods” is not coordinated with the land. After the past black, yellow, etc., the land of “B goods” has been improved. It was weakened in the process of going to black and yellow, so it seemed weak. Because of special treatment, the sound after collision is not as crispy of the metal, and it looks dull. Cable C: It refers to the dyeing after heating the colorless emerald, also known as “adding color jade”, which is the category of “true jade and false color”. Its color is unnatural, and it often comes with blue or yellow components; dull luster and uneven color; use a magnifying glass (5-10 times) to observe at the cracks. The green is thick, and the sides of the crack gradually fade.

Eleven, what is Hotan jade? Hotan jade refers to the oldest nephrite produced in Hetian, Xinjiang. Its chemical components are calcium and magnesium silicate, and mineral components are special sets composed of angle glitter. Mo’s hardness is 6-6.5, the proportion is 2.9-3.1, the fracture is different, the oil is shiny, translucent to opaque, and the color is white, green, yellow, black, red and other types. The ingredients are relatively stable, can be resistant to strong acids and alkali. They are generally used to make jade carvings and various small pendants and bracelets. It is also the main material of ancient jade products in my country.

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

Twelve, what is Saitama? Saitama is mainly produced in Xiuyan County, Liaoning, and is also produced in Xinyi, Guangdong, Sichuan Huili and other places. The chemical composition of Saitama is a silicate of magnesium containing magnesium. The mineral component is a collection of snakes and stone minerals. It is composed of small fiber -shaped and blades -shaped snake -like stone crystals. It is a very delicate dense block body Essence It has a variety of colors and is not common in pale green and yellow -green. Its hardness is 2.5-4.5, with a proportion of about 2.5, oil luster or waxy luster; translucent to opaque, and very few is transparent, similar to organic glass. The jade jade is low -grade jade material for low hardness. It is often used as a jade carving and various small pendants. It also makes some domestic products such as tea sets, wine utensils, fitness balls, and jade pillows.

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

Thirteen, what is Dushan Jade? Dushan jade was named after Dushan, 8 kilometers northeast of Nanyang City, Henan Province. Its mineral composition is a long rock of the curtain petrochemical, which is a multi -color jade. Its color is bright, full of patterns, both light and dense, and the texture is delicate, dense and hard. Mo’s hardness is 6-6.5, and the proportion is 2.9; glass luster or oil luster, opaque or slightly transparent. Usuyama jade is common in the market for various ornaments.

Fourteen, what is agate? Agate refers to a chalcedony with a tattoo structure. It is a collagen mineral, and its main component is silica. The hardness is 6.5-7, and the proportion is 2.65. Agate should be white. Because it contains colored ions or other impurities, it will appear gray, red, and blue. Natural red agate passes through “burning red”, and thermal treatment can turn light red agate into bright red. It can also dye high -quality white agate into various colors. The agate market is often made of bracelets, and some small pendies and ornaments are also made. Agate is mainly produced in Brazil, and the agate is mainly produced in Fuxin, Liaoning.

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

Fifteen, what is “hibiscus stone”? Hibiscus is a pink translucent to transparent quartz block, also known as “rose quartz”. Its chemical components are mainly silicon dioxide. In addition to pink, there are also dark pink people. The hardness is 7, and the gravity is about 2.65. It is mainly used as a necklace and bracelets. Sometimes it is also made of small pendants or chicken hearts and earrings. Hibiscus stone is mainly produced in Brazil. The main producing areas of China are in Xinjiang, Yunnan and other places.

16. What is “Tiger Eye Stone”? Tiger -eyed stone is called “woody stone” because its appearance is similar to wood. It is a blue asbestos with mineral composition into sodium glitter. After changing the geological heat solution, the silicon dioxide in the heat fluid gradually replaces sodium sodium. After the flashing stone, it became a silicon -like glazed bellies. Tiger eyes can be divided into three categories according to the color. Yellow and yellow -brown and cat eye effects are called tiger eye stones. They are mainly blue. Cat eye effects are called eagle stones. For a lobborn tiger eyes. The tiger -eyed stone market is mainly used as a necklace and bracelet beads, which are mainly produced in Brazil and Australia.

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

Seventeen, what is Dongling Stone? Dongling Stone is called chromium cloud mother quartz rock in geology. The hardness is 7, the proportion is 2.65, the sex is crispy, translucent, and the fracture is different. Dongling Stone is mainly produced in India, also known as Indian jade. Commonly used as necklace beads and bracelets, small pendant jewelry, as well as decorations.

18. What is Venus? Venus is also known as sand gold or gold sand flashing mine. It is a quartz rock containing cloud mother slices or iron oxide minerals. It is named after shining Venus -like light. It is commonly used in the market as a bracelet bead, necklace bead, chicken heart or as a stamp material.

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

19. What is crystal? Crystal is a category of narrow gemstones, a very ancient gem. Its chemical components are silicon. This is the crystal of transparent water in the quartz minerals (although crystals and opaque, can only be called quartz crystals). If it is purple, tea, or black because it contains impurities, it is called amethyst, tea crystal, and ink crystal; the inner part contains a special variety of needle -shaped or fibrous minerals. The crystal surface is glass luster, and its shell -shaped broken port is oil -luster; the hardness is 7, and the gravity is 2.66, and it has an pressure and optical properties. Water crystals are widely used. They are mainly used as bracelets and necklace beads in jewelry. They are also made of small pendies and ornaments. Crystal owners are produced in Brazil and Uruguay. China is mainly produced in Hainan Province in Hainan Province and the East China Sea of ​​Jiangsu Province. The natural crystal is clear and transparent, often contains the gas -liquid wraps of star dots, cloud -like or flocculent exhibitions, and often see micro -cracks. Artificial synthetic crystals have no cracks, but there are often small bubbles. In addition, the proportion of synthetic crystals can be seen by hand than natural crystals. Compared with the glass, the crystal color is white and bright and dazzling, the glass white is slightly green, yellow and bright; the crystal hardness is 7, the glass is 5.5, and the glass can be used to draw glass. The phenomenon, and the glass is often baked, often with no tattoo, with tiny bubbles, the crystal of the tongue has a cool feeling, and the glass has a temperature.

Twenty, what is pearl? Pearl is a bead body formed by the pearl liquid that is formed by the pearl liquid secreted by the body in the ocean or fresh water due to the entry of (or artificially put it in) the body. Its chemical composition is mainly calcium carbonate. Pearls can be divided into sea water, freshwater beads and artificial pearls according to different output. According to the color of the color, the color of the color is white beads, the base is black, and the mixed color is mixed colors. Pearl.

Twenty -one, what is diamond? It is used to call diamonds that have reached gem -level diamonds. It is a crystal mineral that is crystallized by a single carbon in a special environment, and the only gem mineral composed of unit element. Gem and diamonds (that is, diamonds) not only have high hardness (Mo’s hardness 10 levels, exceeding 1100 times quarterly), and has high abrasion ability and chemical stability; strong gloss, not easy to wear after processing, and can shine long -lasting King Kong luster; And its refractive index (2.42), strong color scattered (0.044, the strongest in natural colorless gems). When the diamond is pondered as dozens of small noodles, the white light of the diamond is scattered during the refraction process. It forms monochrome light, showing seven -color neon -like glory, showing the brilliant and crystal -like optical effects. This strong scattered phenomenon is the most precious feature of diamonds, and it is not worthy of any other treasure stones. Therefore, it is known as the “king of gems.” Diamonds are mainly produced in South Africa, Australia, Zair, and Botswana. They are mainly used to make diamond rings, necklaces, earrings, chest flowers and other accessories.

Twenty -two, what are the four “C” of diamonds? The value of evaluating a diamond often depends on four factors, namely carats, cleanliness, color and cutting. The English that represents these four words is Carat, Clarity, Color, and Cut. Since the first letters of the four English words are “C”, in the international jewelry industry, it is generally called four “C”. These four “C” are important among the diamond jewelry, and it is indispensable. 1. Carat: The weight of diamonds, 1 carat = 0.2 grams, 1 carat = 100 points. One of the precious reasons for diamonds is that it is rare, and the heavy weight is even more rare. Generally, it is a large diamond. The relationship between diamond personality and size is increased by square relationship. 2, cleanliness: that is, purity or transparency. Diamonds with extremely high clarity should be completely colorless and transparent due to no impurities and flaws, and their value is high. 3. Color: It has always been the basic and first factors that determine whether diamonds are valuable and value. As gem -level diamonds, it is limited to colorless, close to colorless, slightly yellow, light yellow, light yellow. 4. Cutting work: Look at the cutting level of a diamond, which mainly determines whether the angle and ratio are correct, whether the style is trendy, and wondering whether it is exquisite.

23. What are the simplest and reliable methods of identifying true and false diamonds? There are many ways to identify true and false diamonds. Among them, the most accurate and reliable is to measure the thermal conductivity of various diamond substitutes or counterfeit products with a diamond measurement instrument (ie, thermal guide instrument). Standard hardness meter “determining the hardness of various fake diamonds has become the simplest and most reliable method. Twenty -four, what are the sisters gems -ruby and sapphire? Ruby and sapphire are beautiful and transparent rigidity. Its chemical components are tritenuxide and two aluminums. When the quality is pure, it should be colorless. The titanium and iron are blue -sapphire. Red and blue treasures are transparent to translucent, glass luster, and there are obvious poly color in the bin -color mirror, with a hardness of 9 and a gravity of 4; shell -shaped fractures, no wayy; under ultraviolet light, ruby ​​is obviously obvious Red fluorescence; sapphire does not emit fluorescence except for the individual varieties of Sri Lanka and Kashmir. The main countries that produce rubies in the world are Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. The main countries that produce salads are Australia, Thailand, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and China. Red and blue treasures are often used as high -end jewelry such as ring noodles, female chest flowers, earrings, tie clips.

Twenty -five, what is “emerald”? Emerald refers to the emerald green column stone containing chromium. The chemical component is aluminum sterilicate, and the crystal is six-square-shaped, which is a six-way crystal system. , Easy to touch; transparent, glass luster. The beauty, transparency, and high hardness are the most precious features of emeralds. Its main origin is Colombia and the former Soviet Union. Emerald is often used as jewelry such as ring noodles, earrings, chest flowers.

Twenty -six, what is “cat eye stone”? The so -called “cat -eye stone” of gemstones is dedicated to the golden emerald with cat eye effects, and any other gemstone mineral with cat eye effects cannot be generally referred to as “cat’s eye stone”. The name of minerals, such as “emerald cat eyes” or “quartz cat eye” and so on. The chemical group of golden emeralds becomes aluminate. The crystals are columnar or plate -shaped, with brownish yellow, green yellow and other varieties; it is glass gloss, hardness of 8.5, and the proportion is 4.73; When its interior has densely oriented fibrous and needle -shaped mineral parcel wraps or tubular holes, it will produce a light band like cat eye pupil due to the reflection of light. This is the cat’s eye effect. When turning the gemstone, this light belt will move on the surface of the gemstone, so it is also called “Youcai”, which is the most important feature of cat eye stones. Cat’s eye stone is often used as a ring, and the best cat eye stone is produced from Sri Lanka in the East.

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

27. What is a jewelry? Jewelry is an ancient bag of bags. The term “jewelry” is originally refers to the decorations on the line, and it is expressed by a person’s status. The change. Today we referring to the “jewelry” in the broad sense, which can not only refer to jewelry wearing in many parts of the human body, but also include crafts that are used for display and ornamental effects -called “decorative jewelry”. The jewelry is divided into precious metal jewelry, imitation gold jewelry and jewelry of jewelry according to the material; divided into: decorative jewelry, pendant jewelry, fashion jewelry and wedding jewelry; divided by: men (men’s) jewelry and women’s (women’s) jewelry. Wearing jewelry can play the following effects: 1. It has beautification and decoration; 2. It has symbolic significance, such as diamond jewelry symbolizing firmness and purity; 3. Memorial significance, such as various births of stone jewelry, engagement and wedding ring; 4. Has performance Personal role; 5. Has practical value: such as tie clips, cufflinks, etc.; 6. Has special effects: such as health rings, magnetic therapy necklaces, bracelets, seal rings, etc. It is necessary to consider three factors for evaluating whether jewelry is expensive: the first factor is the quality of the material. The material of jewelry should be considers from both color and transparency; the second factor is the accuracy of processing; the third factor is the demand for the market. The demand is greater than the output, and the price increases, and the opposite declines.

28. What are the main ornaments and accessories of Chinese treasure jade products? Big jade products produced in my country are generally divided into two categories: ornaments and decorations. The main function of the decoration is for people to watch: it includes non -practical treasure jade crafts such as flowers, birds, insects, fish, beasts, ladies, smoked furnaces, vases, and modern geometric shapes. Essence The decorations mainly refer to small pendants such as bracelets, zodiac signs, and watches; small pendants such as Fulu Shouxi; ring, earrings, necklaces, bracelets, etc. There are many raw materials used in accessories.

29. What does the different colors of jewelry mean? People often choose the colors of jewelry according to their own hobbies. Therefore, relevant expert analysis believes that colors are character, and each color has a certain meaning: 1. Red: indicates vitality, health, enthusiasm and enthusiasm and Hope; 2. Orange: Express, joy, liveliness and gorgeous; 3. Yellow: represents mild, bright and happy; 4. Green: representing youth, peace and vitality; , Blue: It means beautiful, fresh and tranquility; 7. Purple: It means noble, elegant and gorgeous; 8. Gold: It means glory, luxury and glory; , Silence and sadness.

30. What is “K gold”? Because making jewelry with pure gold is too soft, it is difficult to inlaid various exquisite styles, especially when it is inlaid with treasures such as pearls, gems and emeralds. Therefore, from ancient times, people know that adding a small amount of silver in pure gold has been added to pure gold. , Copper, zinc and other metals to increase the strength and toughness of gold. The gold jewelry made in this way is called gold. The production of pure gold content in the gold decoration is called “gold”, English is Karat, which is generally translated as “Kai”. According to English, it can also be referred to as “K”. Therefore, the accessories are also called “K” gold. Generally, pure gold is 24K, that is, the theoretical gold content is 100%. Therefore, 1K means that the amount of gold contains pure gold accounts for 1/24, about 4.16%. my country ’s consumption habits are generally 24K and 18K, while in some countries in Europe and the United States, 14K or 12K gold is used to inlay jewelry.

Thirty -one, what is “gold jewelry” and “platinum jewelry”? All jewelry crafts made with gold and some gold can be called “gold jewelry”, and gold jewelry made of precious metal “platinum” is called “platinum jewelry”. Because the distribution of platinum metal in the crust is more scattered than gold, it is difficult to be difficult It is extracted, so platinum jewelry is higher than gold jewelry.

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

32. How to buy emerald jade bracelets? Among all kinds of jade jewelry, the maximum output uses jade bracelets, and the highest value is also jade bracelets. In the experienced jade carvings, they know that when a jade material can be used as a jade bracelet, it must first strive to first strive Processing into a jade bracelet. 1. When the bracelet is played, we must carefully observe whether the jade bracelet has a crack (referring to the fracture of the secondary life, which is often horizontal distribution), and make a comprehensive observation of the front, reverse, inside, and outer sides of each jade bracelet. There are cracks or damage to the red line cover of the bracelet, because severe cracks are the fatal injury of the jade bracelet. 2. Use a keen eyes to find the flaws of the jade bracelet (including the black or yellow spots on the jade bracelet, the white “stone flower” and the native jade pattern that is not broken); Whether the thickness of the stripe diameter is uniform, whether the polishing is passed, etc. 3. Pay attention to whether the size of the jade bracelet and the thickness of the strip diameter meet the needs. This is related to the buyer’s fat and thinness. For example, middle -aged and elderly people like a slightly thicker diameter, while young people love thin strips. 4. Good jade bracelets should be “a kind of color.” “Seeding” refers to the delicate crystal and transparency of jade; “color” mainly refers to emerald green, and it is not wrong to be beautiful purple, green or chic “three -color jade” or “four -color jade”. In general, we should keep in mind the following four sentences: first check the cracks and prevent fatigue, the defects should be less work, the size is not difficult to deal, and the “colored” square fine products.

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

33. How to distinguish the jade lines and cracks on the jade bracelet? Jade merchants have a mantra: “No patterns can not be made of jade.” This sentence has a certain reason. For example, when using a large mirror or the naked eye carefully to observe a jade bracelet, it is not surprising that some small jade patterns (also known as jade tendon). It has a little effect on solidity. Cracks are another matter. It is a secondary crack formed by jade mining, transportation, processing or storage. Nails can be scraped. The color of the cracks is often black or yellow. Although the cracking bracelet does not crack immediately, it is lurking that it is easy to break, which especially affects the aesthetics and gives people an imperfect and unpleasant feeling. Affect sales.

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

34. How to test the size of the circle when buying jade bracelets? How to choose color?在选购玉镯时,要测试你需要戴多大的圈口并不难,主要有两种情况:1、 购玉镯者本人在场时, 只要将玉镯能戴入4 个长手指(即大Except for the thumb) to the “tiger mouth”, I feel a little tighter, and then remove the jade bracelet and measure the inner diameter. For example, it is just 55 mm. Then, this size is your suitable circle. If you like to loosen a little, increase it by 1-2 mm, and you can put it on or remove easily. Some people like to wear a small jade bracelet, and even if you wear it, you do n’t plan to remove it again. Then you can reduce the above size by 1-2 mm and try it on the spot. When trying to wear, apply some dishwashing or soapy water to your hand. Please help others and put the jade bracelet into the wrist. 2. When the buyer is not present, it is best to know the size of the jade bracelets they need. It is difficult to accurately. In terms of color, young people love to be lighter, while middle -aged and elderly people love the dark color jade bracelets. Young women like red and green hibiscus, light green flowers and gorgeous violet jade bracelets. Middle -aged women like light -colored mung bean greens, oil green and strong purple Roland jade bracelets. The elderly like the three -color jade bracelet of violet or emerald and white green and white “Fulu Shou”. Those who have poor economic conditions love darker green mung bean green, oily green and green -skinned green jade bracelets. In addition, the green jade bracelet with obvious green green ground is almost popular.

35. How to wear and protect jade bracelets? Although jade bracelets made of emerald, various nephrite or agate are relatively hard, they are all brittle and easy to crack or break. If a precious emerald jade bracelet is properly protected, it will not be broken, even if it is worn for decades, it will not break, but if it collides with hard objects or falls on the hard floor, it will be damaged in half a second. Therefore, the mouth of the jade bracelet should not be too small to avoid being damaged by the ground when forcibly wearing or removing.

36. How to buy emerald pendants? The so -called emerald “pendant” mainly refers to: zodiac pendant, three types of light body (jade buckle, chicken heart and daring) and two carvings (Guanyin and Maitreya Buddha) and flower pendant. When buying the above pendants, there are many precautions for the types, specifications, quality, quality and custom taboos. The following is a brief introduction and explanation: 1. Regarding the choice of types and sizes, generally, chicken heart and daring are suitable for the heart of chicken heart and dare to be suitable Women are worn, and “men wearing Guanyin women wear Buddha”, jade buckles are suitable for men, women, children, but men prefer large buckles (more than 30 mm). Women’s children prefer the middle and small buckles. 2. Requirements for quality and bad quality: Generally speaking, bare -body pendants such as jade buckle, chicken heart, and hanging boldness are not allowed to have cracks. The jade carving factory will also pay attention to this when selecting the material, that is, “there is no light body”, because the light body piece can be blocked without any patterns, and it is difficult to sell it even if it is made of finished products. On the contrary, Guanyin, Buddha and flower pendants, zodiac pieces often have light or dark cracks or jade patterns, that is, the so -called “no sculpture”. Of course, the more expensive mid -to -high -grade carvings are not allowed to have cracks, and double -sided carvings are not allowed to have cracks. In addition, if there are dirty points and stone flowers, they should be reduced or included in the sub -product. 3. Regarding customs and taboos, babies and young orders are not suitable for buying pendants with metal plum blossoms because of their delicate skin. Only jade buckles do not require plum blossom buckles, so it is most suitable.

37. What are the forms and contents of emerald pendants? There are many types of emerald pendants, which are endless, but they can be roughly classified as follows:

1. According to the carving process: there are double -sided reliefs, single -sided reliefs, three -dimensional carving (garden carving), hollow carving, shallow carvings on one side, and double -sided shallow carvings. The division.

2. Press the shape of the pendant: the commonly available garden, ellipse, rectangular, triangle (viewing), locking and irregular shapes. 3. Press the content of the pendant: there are zodiac culture, religious culture, such as Buddha, Guanyin, Cross, and Fulu Shouxi Culture, such as Longfeng Chengxiang, Erlong Opera Pearl, Songhe Yannian, Wufu Pingshou, etc. There are light body such as chicken heart, jade buckle, pants buckle, etc.

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

38. How to buy emerald jade ring? When buying emerald jade ring, pay attention to the following points: 1. Saddle ring, first observe whether there are cracks or flaws around the ring, and then see if the size is suitable, and then see if the green or emerald red on the saddle surface is all emerald or whether the emerald red is all emerald. Or all the red, if it is local emerald or red, its color should be located in the center without biased at one end. Finally, to see if the entire ring’s process is excellent, including whether the inner side has been polished. 2. In the small garden ring, you must first check whether there are cracks or flaws, and then try (or quantity). Then see if the jade quality is transparent and the process is exquisite.

Thirty -nine, how to buy emerald rings? When buying a variety of emerald rings, pay attention to the following points: 1. Saddle ring, beautiful shape, long and width ratio to be coordinated, not too thin. Check no cracks and flaws; 2. Egg -shaped ring noodles, the shape must be beautiful, and the thickness is larger (that is, the raisedness of half an egg), not like a iron cake ) Check without cracks on the front and back of the side; there are no flaws; 3. The surface of the olive tip, the shape of the shape must be beautiful, the length and width ratio should be coordinated, no cracks, no flaws. 4. Rectangular ring surface, the shape must be beautiful, pay attention to the thickness should not be too thin, so as not to be damaged when inlaid.

Forty, how to buy necklace? The necklace contains the neck chain surrounded by the neck, also known as the short necklace. It is hung outside the neckline of the jacket. The products sold in my country’s jewelry market are generally the most common with 42 cm and 54 cm pearl necklaces and treasure jade necklaces. It can also be seen that this long necklace is often loved by women with high but chic and handsome women; a small number of women with medium -sized figures wrap the long necklaces into two laps (one circle is long, one circle, one circle Short) It is also distinctive. Pay attention to buying necklace. 1. Pay attention to the length of the necklace and the color and particle size of the beads, combine your own age and hobbies; 2. Pay attention to the quality of the beads (including the level of jade and processing technology). Is there a large or small tower chain that is small or small, such as the small tower chain at both ends of the chain buckle, and pay attention to whether the beads on the entire chain have suddenly become larger or smaller; If there is a necklace of the bead, you must carefully check whether the small partitions between each two beads must be defeated; in addition, check the degree and integrity of each bead, including whether there are cracks and flaws. 3. Pay attention to the form and quality of the chain buckle. The common form of domestic jade necklace is two types: screw buckles (bronze or white plastic quality) and buckle. Generally, screw buckles are safer and durable. Otherwise, it is often easy to damage.

Forty -one, will emerald jade bracelets or pendants wear more and more beautiful? If the jadeite jade is a natural A cargo, its hardness (6.5-7), delicate texture, good processing and polishing performance. This is an important reason for it to be loved by people and high economic value. We know that in the air in the general environment, there is often dust flying, and it is bound to fall on the jade wares worn by people. Some of these dust are mud with greater hardness. When we deliberately or unintentionally wipe off the jade articles When the dust is dusty, it has a direct friction effect on the jade. If we wear low -grade jade materials such as B or C jade, or Saitama, Hanbaiyu and other low -grade jade materials, we will get more and more flowers, gradually lose their luster, and surface on the surface. Because it is the jadeite natural A jade material, the more friction, the light, it is inevitable. If the jade is originally contained in the green ingredients without being displayed in the jade manifestation. After a period of time, it is possible to show green due to friction.

Forty -two, can wears jade artifacts to avoid evil and treat diseases safely? The Chinese folk is about to protect the evil and protect the peace. It is said that it is said that jade can make a special luster. This gloss is not easy to see during the day. In this way, the emperors of the past have often held their crickets to demonstrate strictness and health care, and the people of civilians also like to wear jade in order to be safe. Modern scientific research shows that jade contains elements that are beneficial to the human body. They often wear and use jade (such as jade bracelets, necklaces, rings, jade seats, jade pillows, etc.). The benefits of this are very useful to prevent disease and disease, so it is very useful to use jade as a amulet.

Forty -three, how to choose jewelry? Different jewelry should be selected according to different face shapes: 1. Goose egg type: that is, elliptical face, you can choose the wide range of jewelry, sort out long hair, wear a ruby ​​rings to give people a charming and soft sense of softness and softness. , Short hair, wearing small emerald ear inserts, will also appear very elegant; 2. Melon seed type: upper (or round) cutting or forehead tip, belongs to the face shape that is suitable for wearing a variety of jewelry, wearing large ear inserts or drooping drooping The concise ring, the necklace should be thin and short to increase the width of the lower jaw to avoid the feeling of being stretched by the face. 3. Rectangular type: The characteristics of this face shape are the length of the upper and lower and the middle, so wearing ornaments should appropriately increase the width of the horizontal and middle line of the face. To this end, choose the large and glorious inlaid jewelry ear insertion or short but no short but no short but no short but not. The round earrings of the fall make the ears larger and the face appears wider. But do not wear a loop, so as not to form a triangular face of the lower sizes. 4. Round type: The principle of decoration is to narrow the cheeks and extend it up and down. The upper part can be solved by blowing the hair high and thick. Essence As well as

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

5. Triangular type: This is a wide cheek face with upper up and down. It is difficult to dress up. The principle of dressing is generally increased the width of the upper face. The necklace should not be long or short, and it should be thick or fine, because the long necklace can extend the effect of the lower jaw to make it change. You should also choose different jewelry according to different temperament; (1) Naive type: This kind of personality is carefree and childish, and you should choose simple and bright jewelry, such as light green, light red gemstone And the jadeite jade of the ice seeds. (2) Beautiful type: This kind of personality is gentle, easy to be shy, and should be used with smooth shape, soft color, warm jewelry. Only then will appear warm and charming. (3) Unrestrained type: This kind of personality is bold and magnificent, informal, it is advisable to use large and rough dynamic and irritating jewelry. Such as men wearing rough denim gold chains or silver chains, plus Maitreya Buddha or big jade buckle; women should wear big chicken hearts, Guanyin and ears. (4) Sleeping: This kind of person is resolute and decisive. It is advisable to use jewelry that is straightforward and abstract and rhythmic. Choose jewelry to consider different skin tones and different skin tones: people with red skin color can choose jewelry such as light green, dark green to set off vitality. However, it is not advisable to decorate with big red, big purple or fresh blue gems to avoid purple complexions. People with black skin color should not wear white or pink gems to avoid strong contrast and make the skin look darker. However, the gem with tea crystal and yellow jade can play a good role in lighting the skin. Forty -four, why do you say that investment jade appreciates fast? Collection has now become an important investment channel for ordinary people. So which one of the collection appreciation and little risk? The author is quite popular with jade. 1. Jade is a long -term collection investment. It has a long history and rich connotation, and has a wide connotation in politics, etiquette, and culture. At the same time, in the treasure house of world culture and art, only Chinese jade is unique. The more understanding the traditional Chinese culture, the deeper the love of jade. It turns out that long -term collection is better than short -term collection, because its inherent historical and cultural value cannot be estimated.

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

2. There are fewer and fewer jade materials, the price is getting higher and higher, and the hope of appreciation is getting bigger. Chinese jade materials have always been the most precious as Xinjiang Hetian jade. Although it is rich, it has been mining for more than 4,000 years since the Yin and Shang dynasties, and the production volume is getting lower and lower, and the value is upright, especially the value of white jade and jasper several times each year. Although other Nanyang jade and Xiuyan jade are currently being excavated in large quantities, according to the estimation of authoritative persons of the geological department, in 20 years, these jade mines will be basically exhausted, and the price of jade materials will be difficult to imagine. 3. The labor cost of carving jade wares is getting larger and larger, the higher the added value of the jade articles, and the more expensive the jade articles are. Jade articles have basically been artificially carved since ancient times, and the artificial jade works will be different, and each piece will be different, and the value will be higher. 4. The jade articles are small and exquisite, which is easy to collect and easy to play, which provides a broad prospect for jade collection. Jade wares do not need to occupy a large space like ceramics, it is easy to break, and it is not like calligraphy and painting works. It is prone to mildew. It will erode and crack when it takes a long time. Jade articles are really the “darling” in the collection, and they will definitely be optimistic about more people. Forty -five, what is “birth stone”? Since the 16th century, someone has paired different gems into 12 months a year as a sign of personal birth. This means that the annual gemstone is called “Birth Stone” or “Shengchen Stone”. Previous people generally believe that the birth of the stone has the magic of avoiding evil protection, which can bring good luck. Today, scientific and cultural progress. Most people no longer believe in the special features of “Birth Stone”, but they still regard it as a traditional custom and hobby of gem jewelry, which is just in line with the needs of jewelry vendors to sell products, so it is promoted and produced The wind of buying and wearing “birth stones” is passed down, and it has intensified. The International Jewelry Society arranged a cream meter. January: garnet: symbolize loyalty, sincerity, friendship, chastity; February: amethyst: symbolize honesty, sincerity, peaceful inner peace; March: Hainan gemstone or chicken blood stones: symbolize calm, brave, and clever Fortunately, pure and flawless; May: Emerald or emerald: symbolize happiness, luck, beauty, and long -term; June: Pearl or moonstone: symbolize health, peace, wealth, longevity; July: Ruby: symbolic enthusiasm, love, strength, strength, strength, strength , Dignificance; August: Olives or Silk Agate: symbolize couples and wife, happiness and good luck; September: sapphire, symbolic love, honesty, peace, noble; October: symbolic luck, hope, peace, happy, happy, happy, happy, happy, happy, happy, happy, happy, happy, happy, happy, happy, happy, happy, happy, happy, happy, happy, happy, happy It

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

November: Huang Yu: symbolize friendship, friendship, sincere, white; December: turquoise or vermiculite: symbolic love, happiness, good luck and success. Forty -six, what are the wearing rings? Rings should not be worn casually. According to the custom, it means that it means that it means that it means that it means that it means a silent language and a signal and symbol. Therefore, carefully consider when wearing it, so as not to make a joke. The thumbs generally do not wear a ring, if you wear it, it means you are looking for the object; wearing it on the index finger means to propose; wear on the middle finger indicating that you have been engaged or existing; Settled or divorced. Some people use the meaning and suggestions of the five words “chasing, seeking, ordering, ordering, marriage, and departure” to put the ring on the 5 fingers, respectively. Forty -seven, what is “national stone”? Regarding Jade Stone Stone is usually a gem or jade that people love or have excellent characteristics and important values ​​in the country. Essence Like many countries that have been named the country and the national birds, there are nearly 40 countries in the world that have their own national stone. China is currently only discussing the “national stone candidate stone”. Which gem is a national stone. Forty -eight, what is “eight and three jade”? “Eight -three jade” was the first new jade species discovered in a famous mine in Myanmar in 1983. A few years ago, the jade culture, because people lack of understanding, the name of this jade species in our country is quite chaotic. , “Bashan Jade”, “Eight Three Anchima” or “Eight and Three”, and in the late 1990s, it has been called “eight -three jade” in the Baoyu Stone world in my country. Because the eight -three jade has the characteristics of medium and coarse -grained structures, it is conducive to chemical treatment; and its transparency is poor, and it is necessary to increase its transparency through treatment. More than 95% are processed B goods. Because of its crystalline and transparentness and blue flowers, it is very beautiful because of its crystal light and often floating blue flowers. Its price is only 1/3-1/5 of normal emerald A goods. It can also be purchased without considering collection and value preservation factors. However, some illegal merchants often sell it as the price of emerald A with a price of several to 10 times higher than itself, so be careful! Forty -nine, what are the world’s four major diamond processing centers and five gem processing centers? According to the first issue of Jewelry Technology Magazine 1992, the world’s four major diamond processing centers are: 1. Small particle diamond processing center -Mumbai, India; 2. Large particle diamond processing center -New York, USA; 3. Smooth diamond processing Castle -Belgium Antwerp; 4. Exquisite small diamond processing center -Tel Aviv, Israel. The five major gem processing centers in the world are: 1. World Gem City-Embaltan, Germany, Germany. 2. Gonglin Crusted City -Jepur, India. 3. Sapphire City -Bangkok, Thailand. 4. Emerald and “Four Emperors and One Queen” (referring to diamonds, rubies, sapphires, emeralds and pearls) -Hong Kong. 5. Mid -grade gem processing city -Japan’s Kugu. 50. What are the main changes in the jewelry market after China joined the WTO market? There are 135 member states for the World Trade Organization (English name for short). China has negotiated and signed an agreement with 37 member states that require bilateral negotiations. After China joined the “WTO”, the jewelry market will change the following changes in jade knowledge: 1. After entering the WTO, gold will inevitably move towards the market and achieve free transactions. The international gold jewelry will enter the Chinese market a lot. 2. After entering the WTO, the import tariffs on jewelry will be greatly reduced, and foreign jewelry will enter the Chinese market in large quantities.

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

Forty -four, why do you say that investment jade appreciates fast?

Collection has now become an important investment channel for ordinary people. So which one of the collection appreciation and little risk? The author is quite popular with jade.

1. Jade is a long -term collection investment. It has a long history and rich connotation, and has a wide connotation in politics, etiquette, and culture. At the same time, in the treasure house of world culture and art, only Chinese jade is unique. The more understanding the traditional Chinese culture, the deeper the love of jade. It turns out that long -term collection is better than short -term collection, because its inherent historical and cultural value cannot be estimated.

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

2. There are fewer and fewer jade materials, the price is getting higher and higher, and the hope of appreciation is getting bigger. Chinese jade materials have always been the most precious as Xinjiang Hetian jade. Although it is rich, it has been mining for more than 4,000 years since the Yin and Shang dynasties, and the output has become lower and lower. The value is upright, especially the value of the value of white jade and jasper several times each year. Although other Nanyang jade and Xiuyan jade are currently being excavated in large quantities, according to the estimation of authoritatives of the geographical department, in 20 years, these jade mines will be basically exhausted, and the price of jade materials will be unimaginable.

3. The labor cost of carving jade wares is getting larger and larger, the higher the added value of the jade articles, and the more expensive the jade articles are. Jade articles have basically been artificially carved since ancient times, and the artificial jade works will be different, and each piece will be different, and the value will be higher.

4. The jade articles are small and exquisite, which is easy to collect and easy to play, which provides a broad prospect for jade collection. Jade wares do not need to occupy a large space like ceramics, it is easy to break, and it is not like calligraphy and painting works. It is prone to mildew, and it will erode and crack when it takes a long time. It is not like the postal and magnetic cards. Jade articles are really the “darling” in the collection, and they will definitely be optimistic about more people.

Forty -five, what is “birth stone”?

Since the 16th century, someone has paired different gems into 12 months a year as a sign of personal birth. This means that the annual gemstone is called “Birth Stone” or “Shengchen Stone”. Previous people generally believe that the birth of the stone has the magic of avoiding evil protection, which can bring good luck. Today, scientific and cultural progress. Most people no longer believe in the special features of “Birth Stone”, but they still regard it as a traditional custom and hobby of gem jewelry, which is just in line with the needs of jewelry vendors to sell products, so it is promoted and produced The wind of buying and wearing “birth stones” is passed down, and it has intensified. The International Jewelry Society arranged a cream meter.

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

January: garnet: symbolize loyalty, sincerity, friendship, chastity;

February: amethyst: symbolize honesty, sincerity, and peaceful heart;

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

March: Hainan gemstone or chicken blood stones: symbolize calm, brave, and clever;

April: Diamond: symbolize constant long, pure and flawless;

May: Emerald or emerald: symbolizes happiness, luck, beauty, and long -term;

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

June: Pearl or Moon Stone: symbolize health, peace, wealth, longevity;

July: Ruby: symbolize enthusiasm, love, strength, dignity;

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

August: Olives or Silk Agate: symbolize husband and wife Hehuan, happy and good luck;

September: sapphire, symbolizing loving, honesty, peace, noble;

October: Oupan: symbolic luck, hope, purity, peace;

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

November: Huang Yu: symbolize friendship, friendship, sincere, white;

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

December: turquoise or vermiculite: symbolize love, happiness, good luck and success.

Forty -six, what are the wearing rings?

Rings should not be worn casually. According to the custom, it means that it means that it means that it means that it means that it means a silent language and a signal and symbol. Therefore, carefully consider when wearing it, so as not to make a joke. The thumbs generally do not wear a ring, if you wear it, it means you are looking for the object; wearing it on the index finger means to propose; wear on the middle finger indicating that you have been engaged or existing; Settled or divorced. Some people use the meaning and suggestions of the five words “chasing, seeking, ordering, ordering, marriage, and departure” to put the ring on the 5 fingers, respectively.

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

Forty -seven, what is “national stone”?

Regarding Jade Stone Stone is usually a gem or jade that people love or have excellent characteristics and important values ​​in the country. Essence Like many countries that have been named the country and the national birds, there are nearly 40 countries in the world that have their own national stone. China is currently only discussing the “national stone candidate stone”. Which gem is a national stone.

Forty -eight, what is “eight and three jade”?

“Eight -three jade” was the first new jade species discovered in a famous mine in Myanmar in 1983. A few years ago, the jade culture, because people lack of understanding, the name of this jade species in our country is quite chaotic. , “Bashan Jade”, “Eight Three Anchima” or “Eight and Three”, and in the late 1990s, it has been called “eight -three jade” in the Baoyu Stone world in my country. Because the eight -three jade has the characteristics of medium and coarse -grained structures, it is conducive to chemical treatment; and its transparency is poor, and it is necessary to increase its transparency through treatment. More than 95% are processed B goods. Because of its crystalline and transparentness and blue flowers, it is very beautiful because of its crystal light and often floating blue flowers. Its price is only 1/3-1/5 of normal emerald A goods. It can also be purchased without considering collection and value preservation factors. However, some illegal merchants often sell it as the price of emerald A with a price of several to 10 times higher than itself, so be careful!

Forty -nine, what are the world’s four major diamond processing centers and five gem processing centers?

According to the first issue of Jewelry Technology Magazine 1992, the world’s four major diamond processing centers are: 1. Small particle diamond processing center -Mumbai, India; 2. Large particle diamond processing center -New York, USA; 3. Smooth diamond processing Castle -Belgium Antwerp; 4. Exquisite small diamond processing center -Tel Aviv, Israel. The five major gem processing centers in the world are: 1. World Gem City-Embaltan, Germany, Germany. 2. Gonglin Crusted City -Jepur, India. 3. Sapphire City -Bangkok, Thailand. 4. Emerald and “Four Queen” (referring to diamonds, rubies, sapphires, emeralds and pearls) -Hong Kong. 5. Mid -grade gem processing city -Japan’s Kugu.

49种珠宝玉石常识讲解,学玉爱玉从常识开始

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