The main task of carried out under the leadership of the Yiyang County Party Committee of the Communist Party of China
In August 1949, Yiyang was liberated peacefully, and the history of Taojiang opened a new page. In the two years of peaceful liberation to the establishment of Taojiang County, facing the rotten stalls left by the Kuomintang government, under the leadership of the Yiyang County Party Committee of the Communist Party of China, the people of Taojiang are full of confidence to meet new challenges and completely destroy the old politics of the old politics. , Economic foundation, consolidating the new people’s regime, and restoring the national economy, which has been severely damaged, has carried out a series of hard and effective work.
Consolidation and development of revolutionary results
1. Before raising food
Due to natural disasters for the years, on the eve of liberation, Taojiang rural areas have been coated with charcoal and famine. According to statistics, at the peaceful liberation of Yiyang, there were more than 100,000 hungry people who had broken food in Taojiang, and nearly 60 % of the poor farmers had almost gained food. At this time, the Fourth Field Army of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army went south to the county. The Justice of the Yiyang County Party Committee and the County People’s Government, which has just been established, listed the top rational support as the most prominent and urgent job in accordance with the requirements of the Hunan Provincial Party Committee’s “lebonging grain and grass”.
Just after liberation, the grass -roots regime has not yet established, and the residual enemy and are still in the complex situation of stubborn resistance. It is extremely difficult to work (grain). On August 19, 1949, on the second day of its establishment, the Yiyang County Government held a county and township and town -insured meetings to set up a borrowing (grain) task. Due to the obstruction of the reactionary remnants, the specific tasks were allocated to the township until August 31. On September 1, it was allocated from the township to Bao, which lasted for 14 days. While issuing the task, the county chief Dong Zhandong issued the notice No. 2 of the Yiyang County People’s Government Caixi, and promulgated the relevant policies and regulations of the lending work. On September 6, the “Yiyang County Branch Headquarters” was established. Dong Zaodong was the commander of the early Dongchang, and Zhang Ligong was the political commissioner. In view of the weak strength of grassroots cadre teams, all the students of the county party committee concentrated on the students of the Yiyang District Cadre School and the county party committee cadres. At the conference of levy food work held by the county party committee, it introduced and promoted the experience of the CPC Yiyang District Committee to carry out pilot work in Xiangxiang County.
After the meeting, several working team members were compiled as a work force to closely cooperate with local cadres to mobilize people from all walks of life to send patriotic grains in accordance with the principle of “more grains, less grains, and no grain”, and stipulate that food grain is stipulated Rich households pay the food at 10%-50%of the grain that year. At that time, many people were worried that the Communist Party was unable to sit in the world, and most of them did not dare to come forward. Some of the nails of Changyang are offspring, and they do not take the lead in paying food, while large grain households such as landlords and rich farmers softly drag hard to resist the handling of grain. In response to this situation, the team held a revolutionary situation that was constantly moving forward to eliminate the doubts of the masses. Following Yiyang’s peaceful liberation, the People’s Liberation Army was like a bamboo, and quickly liberated the whole border of Hunan and Guangdong. More than 3,000 people from the Kuomintang Yin Liyan in the Xiangxiang and Anhua border were completely wiped out. When the masses heard the good news of these victories, they were at ease, and the backbone of the poverty -stricken agriculture dared to come forward. Farmers with food began to consciously send them to patriotic grain. Those who wandering and watching are the chiefs of Baojia. Under the persuasion and pressure of the staff, they dare not perfunctory, and have to honestly urge food to send food. On October 12, the “New Hunan Daily” published “The Key of Successful Food”, which greatly encouraged and inspired cadres and the masses, made breakthroughs in the work of levy, and sent “patriotic grain” to form a boom. By October 18, Yiyang County completed the levy of 7.6 million kg of grain, exceeding the 5 million kg of grain raising the grain raised by the prefecture committee. Among them, Taojiang District, Taoyuan District, and Ma Jitang District were completed in Taojiang. Since then, the people’s government has rented granary and built grain depots in various places, and has reserved a large number of food, which has laid an important material foundation for the military demand and the people’s livelihood of the New District.
Since August 1949, 1.2 million people of the Second and Fourth Field Army of the People’s Liberation Army have carried 100,000 horses, passing Hunan to South China and southwest. Among them, the forty -ninth and 38th Army passed through the county. The county branch headquarters organized the general public to take on the supply of the transit troops and the work of crossing the army, the transportation army and condolences in the county. In addition to the timely supply of 980,000 kilograms of military food for transit forces in the county, the whole county also transferred more than 1.24 million pounds of grain for the Second Field Army to enter the Southwest.
From the establishment of the front headquarters to December 20, the county organized 55,300 people to transport workers, 663 cars, 4304 horses, 489 carriages, and 22 artillery. , The first shipping 780,000 kg to Xiangtan, the second shipping 470,000 kg to Changde; 32 ships and civilian ships, transporting 400 tons of military materials to the front, and sending 2,334 injured patients to the back; Ding Chai is more than 450,000 kilograms, more than 15,000 catties of grass, and 1547 catties of salt. In addition, there are many supply points of grain and grass stations, oil and salt stations, and boiling water supply points in the county to provide a large number of pots, barrels, electric rods, stretchers and other military supplies such as transit forces and rear troops, and mobilize and organize the masses to send a large number of comfort products to the PLA Condolence letters.
Second, stable finance
Before liberation, the Kuomintang government’s abuse of banknotes caused rare malignant inflation in ancient and modern China and foreign countries, soaring prices, and financial collapse. In 1940 to the nine years of Yiyang’s liberation, prices rose 60,000 times. According to records, a cow can be purchased at 100 yuan in 1940, and only one pig can be bought by 1942. In 1943, it was a chicken. In 1945, there was only a pound of fish. By 1946, he could not buy an egg. During this period, the “National Government” moved out of the “Card Course” for paying for tariffs in May 20th (1931), and invested at the market with a percentage of 1 yuan at a discount of 20 yuan. Circulation, the currency market is chaotic. On August 19, 1948, the “National Government” issued the “Fiscal and Economic Actions” and “Golden Yuanzhang’s Issuance Measures”, which was issued by the Central Bank of the Golden Yuan voucher to collect the sharp depreciation of the fiat currency of 3 million yuan at a price of 1 yuan at a discount of 1 yuan. , Limited to November 20th. The maximum denomination of the initial issuance of the Jinyuan coupon was 50 yuan, and 2 yuan against silver round. Before the National Government escaped Taiwan, a large number of money was prepared to escape to force the acceptance of civil gold and foreign exchange. Less than a month after the issuance of Jin Yuan coupons, it depreciated to 1 yuan silver circle against 92 yuan. Later, as the value of the gold and dollar coupon depreciated rapidly, the issuance surface increased to 1 million yuan, and its expansion speed far exceeded the fiat currency. Jin Yuan coupons devalued violently, the people suffered a catastrophic blow, and the people complained. According to records, before the Spring Festival in 1949, a peasant of Momoyama sold 600 pounds of citrus and received 300 yuan in Jinyuan coupons. After only two days, he could only buy a pound of salt in the market. On the eve of liberation, the trend of food, salt, cloth, and pork on the market continued to continue, and the market was chaotic. The people of Taojiang called the short -lived Jin Yuan coupon were “today’s vouchers”, and residents generally refused to use it. Commodity exchange is generally priced at silver circles or things, and market tickets are also circulating within a certain range.
After the peaceful liberation of Yiyang, the people were eagerly looking forward to the reconstruction of finance in the new people’s government, stabilizing prices, and allowing ordinary people to live a stable life. On August 28, 1949, the party and the government immediately established the fifth branch of Hunan Province of the People’s Bank of China in the former site of the Yiyang Branch of the Yiyang Branch of the Hunan Provincial Bank of Yiyang, and sent staff to Taojiang to work in financial work. In January 1950, the fifth branch business office was established in Taojiang Town. In April of the same year, he was ordered to change to the Taohuaijiang Office in April. Its main task is to receive and transform old banking institutions, issue RMB, cooperate with relevant departments to combat black market silver circles, collect gold and silver, store taxes, and carry out deposit and loan business to help production, promote urban and rural materials exchange, stabilize prices, restore the economy Serve.
When the RMB was first issued in Taojiang, due to the influence of malignant inflation caused by the “National Government” caused by the “National Government”, the common people had a fear of using banknotes. Silver circles were still commonly used in market transactions. In order to eliminate people’s doubts about the renminbi and occupy the market as soon as possible, the party and the government organized a struggle between the RMB against the silver circle. On August 20, 1949, the Yiyang Commissioner’s Office issued a notice stipulating that RMB was a unified border currency, and all the grain tax, public and private transactions, lending transactions, and account calculations were settled in RMB to prohibit foreign currency and pseudo currency circulation. On October 7, the Kuomintang’s rumors of the Kuomintang on the streets of Yiyang will soon spread to Taojiang, causing a chaos in the market, and the trend of buying goods. Prices have doubled within two days. Yuan Daguan. The county party committee takes measures in a timely manner. On the one hand, cadres are sent to each guarantee to convene a mass meeting to expose rumors to persuade the masses not to be deceived. On the other hand, the People’s Bank of China sells part of the silver circle to the market, recycled the price of black market silver circle and the price comparison. At the same time, the government -controlled trading company stopped the purchase of materials and sold goods at a brand price. The market price was quickly returned to normal. The price of silver circles in the market also fell to 1: 0.24 yuan. In October, Yiyang Sub -branch cooperated with trading companies to use RMB to collect silver circles in rural areas and other places in Martangtang, acquire agricultural and sideline products, and supplies industrial products. It also levied the work with the taxation department to investigate the accounts of merchants, levy commodity circulation tax, and the RMB began to graduate gradually. Enter the rural market.
In January 1950, the People’s Bank of China organized a propaganda of supporting RMB and refusing to use silver circles in Taojiang’s business institutions, and successively held representatives and industry leaders of all walks of life to distribute publicity materials. publicity. The RMB has gradually penetrated into the hearts of people in Taojiang Town. Silver Yuan has shifted from public circulation to “underground”, but it is still popular in rural and collective towns in rural areas, and black market transactions are rampant. In order to combat the Silver Yuan Black Market Transaction, the People’s Bank of China cooperated with the PLA to carry out inspections on the market in the market. If farmers and small vendors enter the city, they will engage in silver -round black market transactions. Generally, after education, the People’s Bank of China will be collected according to the prescribed price. The black market silver circles and large shops who are engaged in specifically buying silver rounds secretly bought Yinyuan. Once seized, they were all confiscated. The results of cracking down on the silver circle and black market are quite fruitful. In less than two months, the Taojiang Town Sub -branch received 116 gold, 462 silver, and 3730 silver circles.
In order to stabilize finance, the People’s Bank of China strictly implements the “Decision on Implementation of Cash Management of State Organs” by the People’s Republic of China on the Political Affairs Council of the People’s Republic of China, and implements a backup gold limit system for institutions, groups, troops, state -owned enterprises, and supply and marketing cooperatives. Strict cash management, maintaining the stable currency value, the administrative unit set a deposit account at the bank, and the bank approves the set of backup funds to pay the bank with a limit on the limit. All units use cash limited to personal payment of salary, bonuses, acquiring agricultural and sideline products, and paying small administrative management fees, travel differences, etc. Funding between units generally uses checks. For more than 30 yuan to pass banks, purchase money in different places through bank remittances. All units compiled the cash revenue and expenditure plan monthly and quarterly, approved by the County Finance and Economic Commission, and bank supervision and implementation. According to statistics, the economic exchanges of the subjects reached 89.7%. Strict management of cash expenditure has become a basic financial system in all agencies and units in the county.
Beginning in the second half of 1950, the County People’s Bank of China, in accordance with the “Interim Regulations on the deposit” promulgated by the People’s Bank of Hunan Province. In the case of difficulty in the unstable price at that time, all permanently launched the masses, organized savings deposits, and launched “discounted savings” and in a timely manner. “Currency savings”. By the end of the year, there were 139 households in Taojiang, with a savings balance of 5080 yuan, a regular savings of 148 basic households, and a savings balance of 1,450 yuan. With the gradual stability of prices, the reputation of the renminbi in the masses has gradually increased, and the enthusiasm of the people’s savings has gradually increased. From the principles of capital preservation and preservation, the savings are gradually shifted to the coexistence of various savings varieties. In 1951, in combination with the anti -US aid and the aid of the DPRK, it increased to 7,380 households at the end of the year, and the savings balance increased to 64,000 yuan, which was 10 times that of 1950.
The People’s Bank of China has grasped the initiative of loans by properly controlling the amount of currency issuance, a large amount of absorption of the deposit of the unit, and the leisure funds in the hands of the masses, and opened the agricultural loan business in rural areas. In the spring of 1950, when the farmers lacked money to produce and lack of food, the party and the government took out 680,000 kg of breeds and loaned them to poor employees by loaning through the county and People’s Bank of China. Planting a valley loan. Since then, it has been distributed twice for rescue food to 3.14 million kilograms to solve the difficulty of farmers in spring and summer. In 1951, the People’s Bank of China issued 7.81 million pounds of deserted loans, 24,000 yuan in water conservancy loans, 4,000 yuan for cattle cultivation, and 4,600 yuan for furniture loans. Essence The agricultural loan policy that vigorously supports agriculture has promoted agricultural production, and people’s lives have generally improved. In 1952, the county’s grain output reached more than 240 million kilograms, and people’s food food also increased from 570 pounds in 1949 to 638 pounds. Most of the farmers have solved the problem of eating. Hats, rubber shoes, and flashlights began to enter farmers’ families. More than half of farmers can slaughter the year pigs in the Spring Festival.
The focus of industrial and commercial loans: First, support state -owned business expanding trade, occupying the market, cracking down on speculative capital, stabilizing prices, stabilizing people’s hearts; the second is to help industrial and commercial people restore the economy, prosper the market, ensure supply, and increase taxes. In 1950, short -term loans were three types: loan, discounted, and ordering. The implementation policy of “first -order, secondary discount, and later loan currency” was implemented. The short -term loan is flexible and diverse, with a short loan period of 20 days, and the long is not more than two months. Lending loans to the national economy and people’s livelihood, promising handicrafts, and transportation and sales. In September, 2,000 yuan for industrial loans, 4700 yuan in handheld loans, and 10,500 yuan for transportation and sales. Taojiang Town’s Gengsheng Dyeing Factory borrowed 600 yuan, purchased a cotton yarn from Changsha, increased from 7 wooden machines to 10, and workers increased from 9 to 15. Bar cloth and green white cloth increased from less than 100 horsepower to 150 horsepower, and monthly sales increased from 400 yuan to 900 yuan. South Cargo sells 800 yuan in Yitai, and Xiesheng borrowed 1,000 yuan. It purchases soybeans and wheat supply from Yiyang Changsha and other places to supply the Taojiang market, which has suppressed the Mid -Autumn Festival market prices. The prices on the Taojiang market have always been “New Year’s Day and Price Set.” Before the Mid -Autumn Festival in 1950, prices have been stable, illegal vendors cannot speculate, and the masses have tasted the sweetness of stable prices.
In the early days of liberation, the County People’s Bank of China adopted various financial methods in Taojiang to stabilize the currency value, stabilize prices, stabilize people’s hearts, and stabilize the regime. This is a successful experience of the People’s Bank of China flexibly using monetary policy tools after the founding of the People’s Republic of China, and it is also the successful practice of the Communist Party’s governance of the country.
Third, rented and refunded
In the spring of 1950, the Yiyang County Party Committee of the Communist Party of China launched a “rents and refund” struggle in rural areas in accordance with the unified deployment of the provincial and local committees.
Tental and refunding work began pilots before the lunar calendar, and it was fully rolled in mid -March. On February 28, the county party committee issued the “Resolution on Working One and a half months in the future”, deployed the lease reduction and retirement work, clarified the specific steps and practices, and requested to resolutely implement the policy of “two -five rents” and “three -seven and five rent -limited rent” policies. The rent reduction is mainly to reduce landlords and rich farmers to ask for land rent from tenants. The retirement is the rental deposit that gives farmers to landlords and rich farmers, all of which will be returned to farmers. Based on the actual calculation, how much pay, how much return. The money reduction and retreat are basically owned by renting farmers. It is also told farmers that the debts owed to the landlord should not be repaid, and the land is abolished when the land is changed. If the landlord forcibly forced debts, the government stops it. On March 4, the county party committee held the district and township cadres to deploy the work in rural areas. The Yiyang County Farmers Association (preparatory meeting) published the “Book of Farmers in the County”, and resolutely support the government’s decree to reduce the lease and retreat, clean up, and clean up the storage and public assets. The farmers’ associations in each district have conducted extensive publicity and launch, and the townships generally have generally established a “clearing committee”, and the county’s liquidation team has reached more than 7,000. Through extensive mobilization of the masses and giving full play to the administrative forces, and using the method of combining key breakthroughs and comprehensive liquidation, the mass of the mass reduction and retirement struggle was quickly formed.
In the struggle of Taojiang Fifteen Insurance, in the struggle of rented and refunding, he organized poverty and hired farmers to the main valley. First, he started with the most cunning landlord Liu Changke. In the face of the masses and facts organized, Liu Changke was unreasonable and had to hand over more than 30 hidden valleys. Some landlords died of hard scalp, and a grain of food kept retreat. The masses will twist them to the people’s government. Fighting from the power of the government and the masses, the landlord had to retreat obediently. On March 24, the “One Week” compiled by the Office of the Yiyang Earth Committee affirmed and praised the Taojiang Fifteen Insurance Rental Retreat.
In mid -April, the district held a second peasant representative meeting, rectified the organization, inspected bias, affirmed the results, learned advanced, exchanged the situation, exposed the landlord’s conspiracy tricks, and mobilized the masses to further deepen the rental and retreat struggle. After the meeting, the masses of the masses were organized to investigate the landlord’s food and property. Many places cleared a large number of grains from the walls of the landlord’s house, the dark warehouse, and even the mountains, the foggy doves, and the sweet potato cellar. The twelve -guarantee women in Biluo Township, Mattang District found gold from the landlord’s soles of the landlord. After nearly two months of struggle, more than 11 million pounds of public property controlled by the local wealthy and wealthy households, the public property controlled by the local wealthy households, the gold 226, 5396 silver, and the silver circle 3864 yuan. With the in -depth development of the struggle, the county government issued more than 2 million pounds of relief grains to poor farmers in three batches, and 6.82 million pounds of interest -free grain. The struggle for leasing and retreat has protected the interests of farmers and has been supported by the majority of farmers. The victory of the farmers seeing the revolutionary power from the victory of the rented and retreating struggle, and the political awareness generally increased. The township farmer associations (preparatory associations) have been established one after another, and more than 130,000 farmers who have joined the Farmers Association have initially formed the leadership advantages of poor farmers in rural areas, laying a good political foundation for the development of various tasks and the construction of rural grassroots regime.
Fourth, abolish the armor -keeping system, and establish a rural regime
The A -protector system is a grass -roots political system that has been implemented in the feudal society in China for a long time. The modern Armor -keeping system began during the “National Government” period of “encirclement and suppression” to the Red Army. In the 1930s, the Kuomintang adopted the A -keeping system for household registration in order to deal with the Red Army of the Communist Party and the people who “bandits, bandits, and bandits”. The basic form of the armor -keeping system is 10 households and 10 A. According to the natural environment and the actual situation of the village distribution, it is slightly elastic. The Baojia organization conducts activities in accordance with the principle of “management, teaching, support, and health.” That is, hukou management, formulation of the A preservation of the A protection, and the implementation of the joint insurance and the United: to oppose the propaganda of the Communist Party and strengthen the “Partyization education” of the Kuomintang; By the age of 45), he edited a group, built work, and searched for arrest. Bao Chang was appointed by the District Office. The person in charge of Baojia is the eagle dog who persecuted the people by the Kuomintang reactionary regime.
At the beginning of Yiyang’s peaceful liberation, although the county and district regime had been established, the cadres were weak. In order to complete the heavy work tasks and quickly settle the social order, the county party committee decided that before the establishment of the grass -roots regime of the countryside, it still retained the establishment of the noring armor system set up by the old regime, and all the township insurance leaders continued to serve. In 1948, Yiyang County was classified as 15 townships, with 237 guarantee 3510 A. On September 11, the county people’s government issued the “Order”: “The township, insurance, and A organizations, the tools and accomplices of the people’s reaction to the people of the Kuomintang should be tested by the people. , Township and Guarantee personnel continue to serve, to atone for sin, eliminate the evil behavior of squeezing the people in the past, and serve the people honestly. ” Small criminals have counter -revolutionary crimes. The meeting and the “Tong Order” gave a great vibration and education to the head of the township, coupled with the help and supervision of the district committee and the township work group, except for the anti -revolutionary members of the great sin, most people can recognize the situation and due diligence, due to their due diligence Responsible for working for the people’s government and striving for merits. In this way, it ensures the smooth development of the new and old grass -roots regime for the transition period.
On August 7, 1950, the county people’s government issued the “Instructions on the Establishment of the People’s Government of the Township (Town)” to formally register the township and establish a government and improve the grass -roots system. The county government announced that the county, the old township and the personnel of the security armor were abolished, re -designated class components, and accepted the supervision and transformation of the peasants. According to the manifestations of the township guarantee, various localities have suppressed a group of reactionaries with great sin and evil, detained a group of molecules that have been compressed by farmers, and have not been understood by the masses in the work after liberation. Light and performed well in the work after liberation, and people who have been understood by the masses.
According to historical and natural conditions, Yiyang re -divided and established 249 townships and 6 towns, which are 107 townships under the jurisdiction of Taojiang County. Villages and groups are set up below the township. Grassroots cadres are selected by the masses and approved by the superior party committee. A large number of activists and farmers’ backbones emerging in the struggles of the party and the people’s government leaders, rents and retreats, and bandit anti -hegemony have become the leaders of township and villages. The party has formed a team of cadres with poverty and employment as the main body in rural areas. The grass -roots regime firmly in the hands of the party’s leadership.
(Second trial: Xie Jialiang Supervisory Examination: Liu Peng)
[Source: Taojiang County People’s Government]
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