10 stories of the Spring Festival customs

The Spring Festival is called the first of the hundred festivals by the Chinese.

10个春节习俗的故事

This traditional festival with a history of more than 4,000 years is the best opportunity to understand our culture and history.

The reason why customs are called customs, that is, since ancient times, the passage of generations inherited from generation to generation. But as modern newcomers, we always want to understand the cultural connotation and legendary story behind.

10个春节习俗的故事

What are the customs of the Spring Festival? What is the reason why it is custom? Today, take a look at the top 10 customs we have commonly learned about the Spring Festival.

10个春节习俗的故事

1. Paper -cutting

10个春节习俗的故事

When I was a kid, I remember that the window flowers at home were cut by my grandma. Although Grandma has not read any books, but for the cutting window flowers, many stories and doors can be told, such as cutting some lotus and plum blossoms, which is “Holly Meimei”, which means harmony with the beauty; if it is lotus and lily, lily It is a hundred years of good combination;

It seems that the paper -cutting contains a kind of spirit and longing, expressing their longing for a better life by cutting paper.

10个春节习俗的故事

The Spring Festival represents the beginning of the new year. Our habitual meeting meets more auspicious words, and the cultural heritage of paper -cutting is auspicious culture.

10个春节习俗的故事

On the door and the windows, the paper -cut paintings that mean auspiciously, the new year seems to be more popular, auspicious.

Because paper -cutting works are cut or carved on the paper, they must take a hollow method. As the saying goes, “Yang pattern paper -cut lines are connected, and yin -cut paper -cut lines are broken.” Structure,

Then reaches “round -like autumn moon, tip like wheat, square brick, lack of sawtooth, line like a beard.” It can be said that lines are the basis of paper -cutting shape.

Two. New Year Painting

10个春节习俗的故事

New Year’s painting is a special symbolic decorative art. Paste the New Year’s paintings during the Spring Festival, add the festive atmosphere of the festival, and at the same time entrust the expectations and blessings of future life.

10个春节习俗的故事

New Year’s paintings originated in the Han Dynasty, developed in the Tang and Song dynasties, and prevailed in the Ming and Qing dynasties.

At first, it was posted by some doors, which played the use of town evil. With the development of the times, it slowly had the beautiful wish to welcome Funa. Later, the custom of praying for life in life, auspiciousness, and wealth and wealth.

The customs of the New Year reflect the ancient people’s spiritual comfort and spiritual belief.

With the development of the times, in different places, there have been some new year painting factions with local characteristics. Today, TouchBox specifically introduces several representative regional paintings.

1. Willow youth painting

Whenever we mention the New Year’s paintings, we must mention “South Peach and North willow”, which is the Yangliu youth painting in Tianjin in the north and the Taohuawu New Year painting in Suzhou, southern.

10个春节习俗的故事

The Yangliu youth paintings mostly use fat children as the protagonist, giving people a lively and joyful feeling. During the Chongzhen period of the Ming Dynasty, on the basis of absorbing Song and Yuan paintings, combined with the art of carving in the Ming Dynasty, it was printed with a combination of wooden board pumping and handmade painting. It is said that the most prosperous thing can be sold to millions a year.

The Yangliu Youth Painting also experienced a long development process. In the late Ming Dynasty, the earliest schemes appeared. By the prosperity and development of the Kanggan prosperity in the Qing Dynasty, the Yangliu Youth Painting also became a microcosm of an era. During the Qing Dynasty, the Beijing -Tianjin region was a cultural center and social center in China. The Yangliu Youth paintings combined the royal culture, official and gentry culture, and the folk customs of the four dynasties of Jin, Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties. In the small New Year’s paintings, it contains great content.

10个春节习俗的故事

As a port city, Tianjin has dual functions of diplomatic and trade. As an important small town in Tianjin, consumers also show diversified characteristics. Not only are royal nobles and civilians, but also foreigners from different countries. After absorbing foreign culture, the Yangliu Youth painting is closer to Gongbi Chongcai Chinese painting, which has formed a high -ancient and handsome artistic style.

10个春节习俗的故事

The feeling of the Yangliu youth is bright and rich in color. It has the flavor of the knife method of printmaking and the brush tone of painting, which forms its own unique style.

One of the major categories of the Yangliu youth paintings is dolls. These dolls are rich and lively. They hold the lotus; or embrace carp, symbolize auspiciousness and beauty.

2. Taohuawu New Year Painting

10个春节习俗的故事

The Taohuawu New Year painting in Suzhou originated from the carving printing technology of the Song Dynasty. It evolved from the embroidery image map and developed into a folk art genre in the Ming Dynasty.

Taohuawu New Year’s painting composition is symmetrical, plump, and colorful, often using purple -red as the main point to express the joyful atmosphere. The content and elements of the annual paintings are particularly rich, including folklore life, drama stories, but also folk traditional aesthetic content such as flowers, birds, vegetables, vegetables, vegetables and vegetables, and exorcising evil spirits.

10个春节习俗的故事

Because of its geographical location, Taohuawu is located in the water village of Jiangnan. Therefore, there are many landscape content such as small bridges and flowing water in the New Year’s paintings. Because Suzhou is a humanistic land, its annual painting style has the traces of the Song Dynasty’s physical painting, the Ming Dynasty border painting and literati painting, which is extremely elegant.

The content of Taohuawu New Year’s paintings is very rich, including characters, landscapes, flowers and birds, folklore, drama stories, etc. The composition is plump, exaggerated in shape, bright colors, smooth lines. Looking at it, it gives people a sense of joy.

10个春节习俗的故事

Taohuawu New Year painting also absorbs the perspective and anatomical knowledge in Western painting. On the basis of real characters, proper changes are changed. Excellent reference materials for humanities.

There are many varieties of Taohuawu New Year’s paintings, which can be divided into beauty paintings, decorative patterns, door paintings, agricultural paintings, children, historical stories and Shenzhou legend paintings. Among them “Evil Person”.

3. Beach New Year Painting

10个春节习俗的故事

The beach head, an ancient town on the banks of Zihui River in southwestern Hunan, the bamboo in the mountains, the clear cave water and the ancient and simple folk customs of the mountains, and the Chinese folk arts and crafts, the Tedou New Year painting.

10个春节习俗的故事

The New Year painting of the beach is the only handmade watermark watermark in Hunan Province. The annual painting process of the beach is complicated. From the choice, manufacturing, stereotypes, printing, hand -drawn, etc., the production of a new year’s painting needs to go through more than 20 processes. The color of the beach is colorful, the style is ancient and exaggerated, and the work has an relief artistic effect. Mr. Lu Xun specifically described in the prose “Panhua Xi” described the Tedan New Year’s painting “Mouse Marry”, and regarded the painting of the year as a treasure.

10个春节习俗的故事

There are three major categories: beacon -oriented paintings, the blessings of the auspiciousness, and the story of the drama. A moving story is an important carrier to witness history and inherit civilization.

10个春节习俗的故事

The Zhangzhou Wooden Edition in Fujian has a long history of New Year’s paintings. The content of the New Year painting is the two categories of celebration and welcoming and avoiding evil. The background color is mostly pure red. When printed, the version of the printing is used.

10个春节习俗的故事

There are many varieties of Zhangzhou Wooden Edition New Year Painting. From a formal point of view, there are various categories of door paintings, door top paintings, and middle hall paintings. It is just the gate god, but also the sayings of the gods and the gods and the young gods. As long as the characters on the picture do not ride or insert a flag, they are also called “Wen Shen”; otherwise, “Wushen”. Such as “Qin Qiong Jingde”, “Horse Riding Tianxian”, “Lianzhao Wealth” and so on.

The Zhangzhou Wooden Edition New Year Painting has a generous composition and exaggerated shapes. Its carved lines are very thick and soft, rigid and soft. It is obvious that the background is mostly red, and the lines are mostly black.

10个春节习俗的故事

3. Shadow Play

Shadow drama has been a form of entertainment with the army since ancient times, and has been widely passed on to the people. With various stunt operations and sound light effects, you can often perform fantasy scenes of large mythical dramas. Several shadow artists can complete the drama that appears, whether it is a devil or a car or a horse, can be displayed with shadow.

10个春节习俗的故事

There are many performances of shadow play, including historical romance dramas, folklore dramas, martial arts case dramas, love story dramas, mythical fables, fashion modern dramas, etc., everything. There are many repertoires in Zizi, a single show, and even the play.

Common traditional repertoires are white snake biography, jade picker bracelets, West Chamber, Qin Xianglian, Cowherd Weaver, Yang Jiajia, Yue Fei Chuan, Water Margin, the Romance of the Three Kingdoms, Journey to the West, Fengshen Bangs, and so on.

10个春节习俗的故事

On the white scene of the shadow play, although the dancing is a plane and even -like shadow, its music and vocals can make people emotionally ups and downs. Hi can make people feel refreshed, sadness can tear, moving.

4. Sparkling

10个春节习俗的故事

On the Spring Festival, many tourists will go to a small town called “Yongqing” in order to look at the beautiful flames, also called “抡 抡 每”.

民 Tiehua is a large -scale folk firework performance. It originated in the Northern Song Dynasty and was prosperous in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. It has a history of more than a thousand years. On the evening of the fifteenth day of the first month, the big red lanterns were hung in front of every family. This set of folk customs has been circulated in Yangjiaying Village in Yongqing for more than 150 years.

10个春节习俗的故事

打 Iron flower performance was invented by the sparks splashed out by the burning iron block when the iron was hit. It is even more beautiful on the tree, so it is named “Iron Tree Silver Flower”. It contains the profound meaning of people praying for the wind, the reunion of Jiqing, and the happiness.

5. Lion dance dragon

Dragon dance lion dance is a traditional Chinese folk custom. It is said that this custom originated during the Three Kingdoms period, began to popularize during the Northern and Southern Dynasties, and has a history of more than a thousand years. Some say that because the mounts of Manjushri Bodhisattva are lions, as Buddhism penetrates into China, and has the custom of lion dance, and some say because dragons and lions are symbols of strength. The king of the mountains and forests, so the lion dancing and dragons are not only to pray for the new year’s wind and rain, and the grain is rich, but also to pray for peace.

10个春节习俗的故事

Bai Juyi, a famous poet in the Tang Dynasty, had poems: “The masters of the masters are fake lions, and the wood is carved as the tail.

Dragon dance lion and dance materials are made of grass, bamboo, cloth, etc., and the number of dragons is mostly auspicious, including nine sections of dragons, eleven sections, thirteen dragons, and so on. The lion also has a distinction between the South and the North Lion. Fujian Linfang, Yangjiang, Guangdong, Xushui, Hebei, Huangpi in Wuhan, Changsha, Hunan, Tianyang, Guangxi, Suixi, Guangdong, and Xinchang, Zhejiang are all famous hometown of lion dance, with extremely distinctive local characteristics. There are all kinds of lion dance competitions every year, super lively and interesting.

10个春节习俗的故事

6. Lantern viewing

10个春节习俗的故事

The lantern is a traditional folk crafts that originated in China. It is a cultural product of traditional Chinese agricultural era. It has both living and artistic characteristics. The lantern is an important entertainment culture for thousands of years. It has both the function of paying God and the value of entertainment entertainment. In modern society, there are more than festivals such as the Spring Festival and the Lantern Festival.

10个春节习俗的故事

Since ancient times, the lanterns have been festivals. The scenes of fire trees and silver flowers, lights and shadows, and lively lanterns are not only lively, but also festive.

10个春节习俗的故事

At the time of the Lantern Festival, the Chinese people have the habit of watching lanterns. The lanterns have a lot of shapes and rich content, which also brings us a great visual enjoyment.

According to legend, a long time ago, beasts often raged on the world, causing a lot of harm. One day, a godbird fell into the world, and people mistakenly shot it as a beast. In fact, this god bird is the beloved pet of the jade emperor. Fire in the world. After the daughter of Tiandi knew, she couldn’t bear it, so she secretly ran to the world to tell people that they let them open the lights in the evening of the 14th, fifteenth and 16th day of the first month, and set off fireworks and firecrackers to hide the sky.

10个春节习俗的故事

People act in accordance with the method of heaven and daughter. On the evening of the 15th of the first month, the world is lit by thousands of lights. That’s it, so I thought that the world was burning by fire, and my heart was very fast. And humans have escaped this and saved their own property.

10个春节习俗的故事

Later, in order to commemorate this success, every year on the fifteenth day of the month, every family will make a light and set off firecrackers to celebrate the festival.

10个春节习俗的故事

Although it is just a legendary story, most of the modern people have heard of laughter, but also contain people’s expectations for the protection of life and property.

10个春节习俗的故事

7. Step on stilts

10个春节习俗的故事

There are many activities in the Spring Festival. Stepping on stilts is one of them. In major markets or temple fairs, we will see the actors stepping on tall wooden shoes, wearing traditional clothing, performing various performances, and ugly wives. , Tang Seng, White Snake and other artistic images are very interesting and affectionate. They are one of the most anticipated activities in the Spring Festival in the past.

10个春节习俗的故事

According to legend, during the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, when Yan Ying was out of the country, a minister laughed at his short figure, and Yan Ying pretended to be a pair of wood retreats, instantly made himself taller, making the monarchs laughing, and then he played the problem and put on the question. Foreign and ministers have made a skeptic and made them very embarrassed, so the activities of stillery have been circulating to the present.

10个春节习俗的故事

Eight.

The Spring Festival paste is a long history. It is said that peach wood has the effect of exorcising ghosts and evils. Therefore, when the ancients quit the old and welcomed the new, they wrote the names of the two gods of “Shen Tu” and “Yu Lei”, or the names of the ancients. Draw the image of the two gods with paper, hanging, embedded or posted on the head of the door, which is intended to pray for blessings.

10个春节习俗的故事

During the ancient Spring Festival, the custom of hanging peach runes was described in many literati writings, and Wang Anshi’s famous poem “One year old in the sound of firecrackers, the spring breeze and warm people. Thousands of households. “Rune” is the most famous.

According to legend, a long time ago, there were two brothers of Shen Tu and Yu Bao on the Du Shuo Mountain. Every year, they would review hundreds of ghosts under a millennium peach tree. It was fed to the tiger to remove harm for the people. But after all, they are two people, and they cannot remove the evil ghosts in the world, so people make them into peach runes and hang them on the door on New Year’s Eve to suppress evil to remove ghosts.

10个春节习俗的故事

Later, because of the complicated process of the peach rune, the price was expensive, and some families began to use red paper to draw the statue of the two gods, that is, the early door gods. With the evolution of the times, people began to write alignment and neat language on paper, and slowly evolved into a modern Spring Festival couplet.

Nine.

When going to the temple fair, the most attractive child is all kinds of pinch. The noodle person has a history of thousands of years in China. It has been recorded in the Han Dynasty as early as the Han Dynasty. It is a traditional non -traditional folk craft with a simple but highly artist.

10个春节习俗的故事

Most of our common noodle people now are the characters in the drama, such as four monks and apprentices in the “Journey to the West”, Liu Bei Zhang Feiyuan Yu in the Romance of the Three Kingdoms, etc. Essence Pinnasiers are placed on the spot according to people’s needs on the spot.

When the noodle people are really unable to test, but from the noodle figurines and piglets unearthed from the Tomb Tomb of the Astanan Tangtang in Xinjiang, it has been at least 1340 years ago. Essence

10个春节习俗的故事

The characters who pinch noodles are simple and thick, simple and elegant, and are comprehensive condensation of natural worship, religious thoughts, psychological consciousness, and modeling language. It is a folk artist that integrates a variety of different styling consciousness to form a unique folk festival content and form a special form of folk art.

At the time of the Spring Festival, in addition to visiting relatives and friends, people’s biggest activities are visiting temple fairs. The temple fair has a history of thousands of years in China. It is a unique traditional folk cultural activity that integrates, drinks, and fun. At the temple fair, in addition to playing with various small businessmen and hawkers, you can also see folk performances such as lion dance and stilts mentioned above.

10个春节习俗的故事

We visit the temple fair are not only a special relaxation activity in the Spring Festival, but also have a lot of cultural connotations. In the temple fair, people worshiped the gods and prayed for the success of the coming year. There are both the components of the awe of nature and the gods, as well as the emotional expression of gratitude and gods.

10个春节习俗的故事

Most of the people who catch the temple fair have the clear purpose of worshiping God for blessing and going to disaster and disaster, and different from the different temples to worship the gods. In any case, the temple fair has become an indispensable item in the Spring Festival, with the beautiful meaning of praying for the blessing of the grain, the wind and the rain, and the people’s well -being.

10个春节习俗的故事

The common customs of the above Spring Festival are one of the most beautiful heritages left by our ancestors, and it is also a manifestation of inheritance. During the Spring Festival, we used a unique sense of ritual to pray, wishes, and celebrate. I hope that in the new year, ourselves and our family can be great.

Author: ArticleManager