The “garden complex” of the great writer

“Chekhov’s Rose”

Gu Chunfang

August 2021, August 2021

“Writer’s Garden: How Garden becomes the source of inspiration for writers”

Jaejeong Bernett is the photography of Richard Hanson

Xing Pengyu Cai Wanzi Translation

Life · Reading · Xinzhi Sanlian Bookstore, April 2021

George Xiao Bernard is planted in the garden in Hitford County with yellow western grass and ascites. The picture is taken from “Writer’s Garden”, authorized by the publisher

● Ye Kefei

Chekhov, one of the greatest novelists in the 19th century, is also an excellent gardener. Ilia Ellenburg wrote like this: “He (Chekhov) is a fanatic gardener. He sowed flower seeds, transplanted flower seedlings, and grafted flower and wood. When he was traveling in Nice, he was worried about his garden in his garden. Whether the lily of the lily is stepped on. He begged his family to pour the newly planted fruit wood in the book. When the camellia he planted by Yalta bloomed, he sent a telegram to his wife in Moscow. Looking for crocks for the seedlings, carefully care for the sapling that has just been planted. Horticulture is not simply his hobby, just like many people like fishing or hunting. He strongly felt the affirmation of life from the growth of the seedlings. “In fact, the great writers who like the garden are far more than Chekhov, but also include Dickens, Hardy, Woolf and others. “Chekhov’s Rose” and “Writer’s Garden” show people the great writers’ love for gardens and their creation of gardens and their creations.

Chekhov’s “ecological aesthetics” thought

Chekhov likes to present the garden image in her novels and play: Nina and Tripolov in the garden in the garden in “Seagull” suddenly understood and read a single -white that failed before the performance. After tasting the tragedy of life, she understood that there was no difference between the tragedy of the stage and life; the three sisters in “Three Sisters” farewell to the officer in the garden, and also remembered Moscow. The garden in “Cherry Garden” was Gayev and The heritage inherited by the brothers and sisters of the Pahenievscaa is also the place where they spent joyful childhood, but when the brothers and sisters owed their debts because they were too luxurious, they had to sell the ancestral house and the cherry garden to businessmen, and the garden became the garden. The symbol of the decline of the old system.

These are all recorded in the book “Chekhov’s Rose”. It uses biography, historical pictures and high -definition photography to depict a generation of novel giants from the forest of literature and the natural garden.

In 1892, Chekhov moved his family to Meli Hoholy, about 75 kilometers in southern Moscow. In this place far away from the hustle and bustle, he wrote 42 works, including classics such as “Wannia”, “Sixth Water”, “Black Schistor”, “Seagull” and “Set”.

Chekhov’s sister Maria once recalled the first opinion of the family and the Meli Horoho Manor: a lonely house was built on a barren forest land. The ruined scene disappointed the family. Take a picture together.

Only by understanding the heavy pressure of Kuyo’s years of being carrying, can he understand his joy at this moment. He had difficulty in his family in his childhood. At the age of 16, his father went bankrupt and went to Moscow to make a living with his family. He only left Chekhov and continued to study in his hometown. Having a manor belonging to himself and his family is his ideal when he was young. After becoming a great writer, he finally has the ability to change the situation, although he can only temporarily be a “house slave”. He spent 13,000 rubles to buy Meli Hoevy’s real estate, of which 4,000 rubles were the down payment and 9,000 rubles were loans. He and his family renovated and built new houses, cultivated land, opened orchard, and excavated ponds to renew. Since then, Chekhov is accompanied by the study, forests, grasslands and gardens with large windows on his own land.

As written in the book, when Chekhov designed and built his own garden, he “grasped the interaction and balance of water, soil and sunlight like a word.” At the same time, he also cultivated soils related to human future conscience in literature. As early as 100 years ago, he put forward the idea of ​​”ecological aesthetics”. Regardless of essays or life, he was pursuing the “double redemption” of ecology and human nature.

Meli Hoevy’s writing hut is composed of a study and a small bedroom. The exterior wall is painted light blue, and the stairs and doors are red. Around the hut is a berries and a small rose garden, with a small road leading to the apple garden.

Chekhov wrote in the first act of “Forest Monster”: “When I walk in the rural forests rescued from the ax I have been cut from me, or when I hear the beautiful woods I planted by my own, During the audio, I realized that the climate seemed to be dominated by me, and if people would be happy after a thousand years, then there was a small contribution in this happiness. When I planted a white birch tree, I Then see how it turns green slowly, how to swing in the wind, my heart is full of pride, because I realize that I am helping God to create the world. “

This “helping God to create the world” thinking is based on Chekhov’s compassion. From an early age, he did not make Chekhov’s heart full of hatred and narrowness. Instead, he had a sober cognition and transcendence of suffering, and then resisted any form of violence and autocracy for life, and put “beauty” first.

Because of the deterioration of the condition, Chekhov later had to leave Meli HOON to live a warmer southern life. His choice is Yalta, which is close to the Black Sea, and spent the last years of life there. He built another garden of his life in Yalta, built a delicate style of villas, and planted a variety of fruit trees such as apples, pears, apricot and peaches in the garden. Of course, the rose bushes were indispensable.

Rose is the most common image in Western literature. Gorgeous flowers represent beauty and love, and thorns represent the suffering of love. Chekhov also often uses this image. In the novel “Kiss”, the aroma of the rose repeatedly entangled the inferiority Riabovich, symbolizing beauty and temptation, but at the same time, it also looks like anesthesia, making Riabovich Unable to extricate itself; at the wedding in “Literature Teacher”, Marsha was blessed by “still like a rose in front of her after marriage”, but the reality is that she quickly withered in the permanent life, and love also follows her. The death.

Because of the tuberculosis, Chekhov left the world at the age of 44. The family is still taking care of his garden, as the book states: “As long as Chekhov’s garden is still there, this great and noble soul will live forever.”

The garden is the “refuge” of the writer

Chekhov is not the only writer who loves garden. In the book “The Writer’s Garden -How Gardens Become the Source of Writers”, the close connection between many writers and gardens describes the close connection between many writers. Charles Dickens likes dark red fragrant geranium, Thomas Hardy is a fanatic tree, and Rild Dal created “James and Daxian Peach” inspired by the fruit trees in his garden, Bicudi Potter The venue of Peter Rabbit, Water Duck Jemeima and Samuel Samuel in the pen is on the Chu Ding Farm where she lives … Of course, there is still a fairy tale castle of Walter Step, Rubert Brook The pastoral life, and Virginia Woolf in the garden “Monks” in Rodmel.

It was in the writing hut by the garden that Woolf created “A Room of his own”, but here is also here that the genius female writer with many fate ended her life.

伟大作家的“花园情结”

The book says that for Virginia Woolf, the garden is not only the source of inspiration, but also the creation itself. The phrase “A woman must write novels, must have money, and have their own house” in “A room of my own”, which is extended as a woman’s independence and must start with the economy.

However, although the garden is regarded as a “refuge” of the writer, the profession of writer often cannot have gardens, especially before it became famous. At the same time, due to the nature of the writer, the flow frequency is significantly higher than that of ordinary people. It is difficult to settle in settlement. Besides, the construction and care of the garden? The book reads: “Many gardens that have been survived to this day have experienced the calamity of the” Nine Dead Life “. Many writers have a difficult environment in the early days of creative creative environment and usually live in a place. precious.”

The poet Shirley’s Villa Boskum has now become a medical center. Graham’s inspirational source of “Liu Lin Fengsheng”, the house on the Thames River where he lived in his childhood, is now converted into a school.

James Barry once recalled that a large house and garden that he often played when he lived in Dunvrez was called “magic land”, and he regarded it as the source of inspiration for “Peter Pan”. But in 2009, it was almost demolished and fortunately protected at the last moment.

Many people have made great efforts to retain the writer’s garden. Jane Austin once created “Smart and Emotions” and “Aviation and Prejudice” in a cottage in Chaton Manor. Now start to become beautiful, attracting attention from a distance. ” Today, the Chadon House has been converted into the Jan Austin’s former residence museum. In the process, the Jane Austin Association, which was established in 1940, contributed money and contributed.

Chekhov was once deserted in Meli Hoevy’s garden. Fortunately, it was protected and is now opened as a museum. At the end of the book “Chekhov’s Rose”, the author Gu Chunfang relied on the garden in reality. The garden and literature record all his love for the world. At this moment, he may still be plowing in his garden. Squirrel jumps between the towering trees and fir, the bee colony is in the blooming lilies, hemerocallis, and peony flowers. Busy. In the ocean of the never withering cherry blossoms, there is his beloved seagull hut and rose garden, just like the world. “

伟大作家的“花园情结”

伟大作家的“花园情结”

Author: ArticleManager