How to discern musicals and operas by ears

Since the article “Against the Music Drama & Opera”, the author received a message, “It can only be distinguished on the surface, but I still can’t tell what is the song and music from the music. What is the song in the opera music? “Although I don’t know if this is the general confusion of the audience, this question has given me another inspiration for another popular musical & opera. Simply, just write a sequel along this issue.

In the last article, I taught everyone to see it. This article will teach you to listen to it.

Listening language

Most of the musicals are performed in English, and the number of works in other languages ​​is very small in terms of proportion. The opera is mainly Italian, and there are also many masterpieces in French, German, and Russian.


The opera originated in Italy at the beginning of the 17th century. Although it was passed on to European countries later, Italian opera has always been the mainstream. During the heyday, Wildidi and Puccini and other opera masters, Rosini, Berini, Donica Titti Shengsheng, etc. were also Italian. Of course, Italian opera was the most.

Today, the oldest standard of the opera world retains the opera of the repertoire -Montewell’s “Opideo” in 1607 in the Palace of the Duke of Manuwa

The operas introduced into France and Germany have adjusted the “taste” in “taste”. For example, after spreading to France, it is incorporated into more large chorus, dance and other scenes; after By the German, the narrative of “chanting” is changed to German dialogue. The most earthy is naturally the “localization” of singing language.

The origin of the musical is the 18th to 19th centuries. Although it was originally influenced by the comic opera and light opera, whether the first musical “Beggar Opera” in the Britain was the first musical “Black Devil” in the United States, it was staged in English in English. nation. Later, the prosperity also always led in English as the language. Western District and Broadway are still the absolute center of musicals.


The opera must start with the prelude of the Oka Book of Orchestra. Moreover, either the style is in line with the temperament of the entire drama, or the most important music theme and motivation in the play will be directly condensed (a bit like an overview of the first academic papers). If it is watching the scene at the theater, the curtain of the prelude stage is still closed. Until the first scene is about to begin, at least half of the preface will slowly open.

The opening of the musical is not so strict. The most common is of course the opening and dancing of the big scene. As soon as you come up, you “ignite” or even “detonate” the audience. There are not a few who start the drama stories directly in different forms such as dialogue or monologue, or memories. Of course, like a pure music (band performance) like opera, of course, it also has the role of drama and connotation. Therefore, the performance of many musicals does not pull the curtain at all, and the stage setting has been presented to the audience before the opening.

The song and dance of the musical “Chicago” opened

The first opera was served for the nobles of the princes. Thinking about it, there must be many people who are full of drinking and drinking. It is inevitable to be late, swing, chatting, and laughing. Before the official start, it is necessary to come to Music quietly first. Therefore, the earliest prelude and the music in the later drama may not have anything to do. Later, opera gradually became popular to the folk, the acting market formed, the development of the acting was developed, and the tradition of the prelude was retained before providing conditions for the composer to carry out the overall music structure conception.

When the musicals are in full swing, the demand for the popular drama viewing has been very popular and increasing, and the theater etiquette is relatively mature. What kind of performance starts, no longer a thing that must be completed according to regulations and procedures. Therefore, the opening of the musical is much more flexible.


Whether it is the theme song in the musical or the chanting sighs in the opera, there are good melody, moving lyrics, most of which are expressed to lovers (also to enemies), strong emotions to the motherland or hometown, the plot of the entire music drama promotes the plot of the whole music drama. At this time, the suspension is usually suspended, so that the emotion is most fully expressed and rendered. Therefore, they are the easiest to be known and liked by everyone. However, there are also obvious differences between the two.


The chanting tunes in the opera usually have a lot of music (long sentences), and the range span (the amplitude of the lowest sound to the highest sound) is larger. When encountering treble and long sound, the actors usually do a certain elasticity. The synchronous band accompaniment part is often based on the main purpose of setting up emotions or drama tension, so it does not deliberately emphasize the rhythm of the knot and rhythm. Therefore, although Yong Tun has a nice melody, it may not be so loud (not easy to sing).


The theme songs in the musical are simple and simple, and the sound zone is relatively moderate. The “brainwashing” melody is matched with the dynamic dynamics that is easy to capture, and immediately emit the temperament and potential of popular golden songs.

During the rise and prosperous period of opera, the status of “Hedu” was unusual. If the new works of the opera composers starred in the right good role, it is likely that the premiere will be yellow (such as Willy’s “Camellia Girl”. “superior). Some popular masterpieces have been staged, and audiences who have already been familiar with the script and music will have to play with their favorite protagonists, and even to listen to their idol singing some of the sighs. According to today’s words, these names bring their own traffic and the guarantee of the box office. Therefore, the opera composers at that time often thought about who starred before the writing and the theater manager before the new work. At the same time, some treble long or dazzling skills, composers often leave a PLAN B, so that the corners can play on the spot. In good condition, the high -sound treble may be turned up a few degrees, dragged a few more beats, and the condition is not good, and it may be “hurriedly ended.” Therefore, when the opera performance, especially when the sigh, the commander followed the band to follow the horns.

Karas played Qiaoqiao Sang in “Mrs. Butterfly”, there is a well -known chanting “a clear day”

On the modern opera stage, the role and status of directors and command have gradually improved. The reinterpretation and interpretation of some classic works has become a new highlight of today’s appreciation of opera, but the appeal of famous coffees in the heart of opera fans should not be underestimated The tradition of elastic treatment of Yong Tan also retained. For the more “exaggerated” sensationalism that focuses on more smooth narratives, it is a bit “embarrassing”. Although the amount of fans of the musicals usually exceed the fame of the opera, they always maintain “proportion”.

Listening to singing/chorus


The recurrence of the opera, the two/three/four singers are common, and the five-seventh singing, and even the nine/tenth singer also have it. In addition to the parallel formula (similar to the singing, you will take another sentence after singing), the overlapping type (a few vocal parts sings at the same time with different sounds and different rhythms). The combination is harmonious and good, but it has strong independence. It is worth mentioning that they can usually be pulled out of the play and sing as an independent track.

The famous four singing “Beauty, I remember meeting you one day” in the opera “Nongchen”

The repeat singing in the musical, the most dizate, and often sang separately, are mostly the duet singing of the male and female masters. Three or four singing can also be seen, but the repeat singing of more voice is rare. The parallelism between the sounds is also more common in the overlapping type. Another interesting phenomenon is that the repeat singing in the musical is usually interjected in the singing. This kind of thing is generally not done by opera actors, and opera composers are not very written like this. Even if it is a period of strict distinction between chanting and tuning, it is usually the same as each other and does not interfere with each other.

Speaking of chorus, the difference between the two music dramas is even more obvious. First of all, it can be recognized at a glance that the chorus in the opera is not dancing, and it will only move or small limb movements, and most of the musicals are dancing. After listening carefully, the chorus in the musical is mostly singing with Daqi (people still have to run and dance on the stage, not so high), and the chorus in the opera usually has multiple sounds.

Listen to

The actors in the opera use the beauty singing method. The sound is full, condensed, and dense is extremely penetrating, shocking and dramatic tension. But at the same time, its introverted and restrained emotional expression (it is difficult to make ordinary listeners feel greater emotional ups and downs and fluctuations in a short time), the big difference between singing sounds and daily sounds, etc. The sense of distance.


Most of the musical actors use popular singing methods, and the proportion of real sounds is mostly. Coupled with unconventional singing methods such as roaring, sigh, sobbing, laughter, and laughter in singing, you can use it at will to help emotional expression, which brings the audience’s infectious power more fast and effective, and more intuitive.

As for the reason behind it, including the difference between the two bands used by drama and music, in the previous part, it has been mentioned that it will not be said here. It should be emphasized that with the mutual collision and reference between different art categories, especially different stage dramas, the difference between the difference between the two is becoming more and more blurred. Therefore, the many differences mentioned above are not absolute.



Author: ArticleManager